Motivation enhancement

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Motivation enhancement is defined as an increased desire to perform tasks and accomplish goals in a productive manner.[1][2][3] This includes tasks and goals that would normally be considered too monotonous or overwhelming to fully commit oneself to.

A number of factors (which often, but not always, co-occur) reflect or contribute to task motivation: namely, wanting to complete a task, enjoying it or being interested in it.[3] Motivation may also be supported by closely related factors, such as positive mood, alertness, energy, and the absence of anxiety. Although motivation is a state, there are trait-like differences in the motivational states that people typically bring to tasks, just as there are differences in cognitive ability.[2]

Motivation enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as stimulation and thought acceleration in a manner which further increases one's productivity. It is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of stimulant and nootropic compounds, such as amphetamine,[2][4] methylphenidate,[2] nicotine,[5] and modafinil.[6] However, it may also occur to a much lesser extent under the influence of certain opioids,[7][8] and GABAergic depressants.[7]

Psychoactive substances

Compounds within our psychoactive substance index which may cause this effect include:

... further results

Experience reports

Annectdotal reports which describe this effect with our experience index include:

See also

External links


  1. Kjærsgaard, Torben (2015). "Enhancing Motivation by Use of Prescription Stimulants: The Ethics of Motivation Enhancement". AJOB Neuroscience. 6 (1): 4–10. doi:10.1080/21507740.2014.990543. ISSN 2150-7740. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Ilieva, Irena P.; Farah, Martha J. (2013). "Enhancement stimulants: perceived motivational and cognitive advantages". Frontiers in Neuroscience. 7. doi:10.3389/fnins.2013.00198. ISSN 1662-453X. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Nyholm, Sven (2015). "Motivation-Enhancements and Domain-Specific Values". AJOB Neuroscience. 6 (1): 37–39. doi:10.1080/21507740.2014.995313. ISSN 2150-7740. 
  4. Terbeck, Sylvia (2013). "Why Students Bother Taking Adderall: Measurement Validity of Self-Reports". AJOB Neuroscience. 4 (1): 21–22. doi:10.1080/21507740.2012.762064. ISSN 2150-7740. 
  5. Sagara, H.; Kitamura, Y.; Esumi, S.; Sendo, T.; Araki, H.; Gotima, Y. (2008). "Motivational effects of nicotine as measured by the runway method using priming stimulation of intracranial self-stimulation behavior". Acta Med Okayama. 62 (4): 227–233. doi:10.18926/amo/30940. ISSN 0386-300X. 
  6. Young, Jared W.; Geyer, Mark A. (2010). "Action of Modafinil—Increased Motivation Via the Dopamine Transporter Inhibition and D1 Receptors?". Biological Psychiatry. 67 (8): 784–787. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.12.015. ISSN 0006-3223. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Ting-A-Kee, R.; van der Kooy, D. (2012). "The Neurobiology of Opiate Motivation". Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine. 2 (10): a012096–a012096. doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a012096. ISSN 2157-1422. 
  8. Riters, Lauren V. (2010). "Evidence for opioid involvement in the motivation to sing". Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 39 (2): 141–150. doi:10.1016/j.jchemneu.2009.03.008. ISSN 0891-0618.