Increased music appreciation

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Increased music appreciation is defined as a general sense of an increased enjoyment of music. When music is listened to during this state, not only does it subjectively sound better, but the perceived music and lyrical content may have a profound impact on the listener.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

This experience can give one a sense of hyper-awareness of every sound, lyric, melody, and complex layer of noise within a song in addition to an enhanced ability to individually comprehend their significance and interplay. The perceived emotional intent of the musician and the meaning of the music may also be felt in a greater level clarity than that which is attainable during everyday sober living.[3] This effect can result in the belief, legitimate or delusional, that one has connected with the “true meaning” or “spirit” behind an artist’s song. During particularly enjoyable songs, this effect can result in feelings of overwhelming harmony[5] and a general sense of appreciation that can leave the person with a deep sense of connection towards the artist they are listening to.

Increased music appreciation is commonly mistaken as a purely auditory effect but is more likely the result of several coinciding components such as novelty enhancement, personal meaning intensification, emotion intensification, and auditory acuity enhancement. It is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of hallucinogenic compounds, such as psychedelics,[1][4][7] dissociatives,[8] and cannabinoids.[3] However, it can also occur to a lesser extent under the influence of stimulants[3][7] and GABAergic depressants.

Psychoactive substances

Compounds within our psychoactive substance index which may cause this effect include:

... further results

Experience reports

Annectdotal reports which describe this effect with our experience index include:

See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Kaelen, M.; Barrett, F. S.; Roseman, L.; Lorenz, R.; Family, N.; Bolstridge, M.; Curran, H. V.; Feilding, A.; Nutt, D. J.; Carhart-Harris, R. L. (2015). "LSD enhances the emotional response to music". Psychopharmacology. 232 (19): 3607–3614. doi:10.1007/s00213-015-4014-y. ISSN 0033-3158. 
  2. Kaelen, Mendel; Roseman, Leor; Kahan, Joshua; Santos-Ribeiro, Andre; Orban, Csaba; Lorenz, Romy; Barrett, Frederick S.; Bolstridge, Mark; Williams, Tim; Williams, Luke; Wall, Matthew B.; Feilding, Amanda; Muthukumaraswamy, Suresh; Nutt, David J.; Carhart-Harris, Robin (2016). "LSD modulates music-induced imagery via changes in parahippocampal connectivity". European Neuropsychopharmacology. 26 (7): 1099–1109. doi:10.1016/j.euroneuro.2016.03.018. ISSN 0924-977X. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Fachner, J. (2002). "The space between the notes-Research on cannabis and music perception". Looking Back, Looking Ahead-Popular Music Studies (20): 308–319. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Nichols, D. E. (2016). "Psychedelics". Pharmacological Reviews. 68 (2): 264–355. doi:10.1124/pr.115.011478. ISSN 1521-0081. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kaelen, Mendel; Giribaldi, Bruna; Raine, Jordan; Evans, Lisa; Timmerman, Christopher; Rodriguez, Natalie; Roseman, Leor; Feilding, Amanda; Nutt, David; Carhart-Harris, Robin (2018). "The hidden therapist: evidence for a central role of music in psychedelic therapy". Psychopharmacology. 235 (2): 505–519. doi:10.1007/s00213-017-4820-5. ISSN 0033-3158. 
  6. Belser, Alexander B.; Agin-Liebes, Gabrielle; Swift, T. Cody; Terrana, Sara; Devenot, Neşe; Friedman, Harris L.; Guss, Jeffrey; Bossis, Anthony; Ross, Stephen (2017). "Patient Experiences of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis". Journal of Humanistic Psychology. 57 (4): 354–388. doi:10.1177/0022167817706884. ISSN 0022-1678. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 McGlothlin, William (1967). "Long Lasting Effects of LSD on Normals". Archives of General Psychiatry. 17 (5): 521. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1967.01730290009002. ISSN 0003-990X. 
  8. Lim, D. K. (January 2003). "Ketamine associated psychedelic effects and dependence". Singapore Medical Journal. 44 (1): 31–34. ISSN 0037-5675.