Myristicin

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Summary sheet: Myristicin
Myristicin
Myristicin.svg
Nutmeg.jpg
Chemical Nomenclature
Common names Nutmeg
Substitutive name Myristicin, 3-methoxy,4,5-methylenedioxy-allylbenzene
Systematic name 6-allyl-4-methoxy-1,3-benzodioxole
Class Membership
Psychoactive class Deliriant
Chemical class Phenylpropene
Routes of Administration

WARNING: Always start with lower doses due to differences between individual body weight, tolerance, metabolism, and personal sensitivity. See responsible use section.



Oral
Dosage
Threshold Common Heavy
10 - 20 - 30 - 60 - 100 g
Light Strong
Threshold 10 - 20 g
Light 20 - 30 g
Common 30 - 60 g
Strong 60 - 100 g
Heavy 100 g +
Duration
Total 12 - 72 hours
Onset 3 - 8 hours
Come up 1 - 4 hours
Peak 9 - 12 hours
Offset 12 - 48 hours
After effects 24 - 72 hours









DISCLAIMER: PW's dosage information is gathered from users and resources for educational purposes only. It is not a recommendation and should be verified with other sources for accuracy.

Myristicin is a phenylpropene, a natural organic compound which is classed as a deliriant, present in small amounts in the essential oil of nutmeg and to a lesser extent in other spices such as parsley and dill.[1] It is believed that Myristicin, along with elemicin, are the main psychoactive components found within nutmeg, responsible for its psychoactive properties.

Myristicin acts as an anticholinergic[citation needed], and is the traditional precursor for the psychedelic and empathogenic drug MMDA.

Nutmeg was reported to induce hallucinogenic effects, such as visual distortions and paranoid ideation. In the reports, nutmeg intoxication took several hours before maximum effect was reached. Effects and after-effects lasted up to several days. Raw nutmeg consists of 5-15% essential oil by mass. 4-8.5% of nutmeg essential oil, or 0.2-1.3% of raw nutmeg, is myristicin. One study found 20 grams of nutmeg to contain 210 mg myristicin.[2]

Chemistry

Myristicin, also known as 3-methoxy,4,5-methylenedioxyallylbenzene, is a naturally occurring substance which belongs to a chemical class known as the phenylpropenes. It features a methylenedioxy ring at carbons R4 and R5 of the benzene ring. The benzene ring is also substituted with a separate methoxy group at the R3 carbon, and an allyl chain at R6 to make the main phenylpropene group.

Pharmacology

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In 1963, Alexander Shulgin speculated myristicin could be metabolized to MMDA, a psychoactive drug related to MDA, in the liver.[3] This, however, is highly speculative. Myristicin is also found to be a serotonin receptor antagonist, while simultaneously acting as a weak MAO inhibitor.

Elemicin

Molecular structure of elemicin

Elemicin is found in nutmeg alongside myristicin and contributes to its hallucinogenic effects. Elemicin is also an anticholinergic and is very likely to have similar effects to myristicin. It is also the traditional precursor in synthesizing the alkaloid mescaline.

Subjective effects

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The effects listed below are based upon the subjective effects index and personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. These effects should be taken with a grain of salt and will rarely (if ever) occur all at once, but heavier doses will increase the chances of inducing a full range of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely on higher doses and may include serious injury or death.

In comparison to datura or diphenhydramine, its effects tend to be milder and, depending on the dosage, even be considered pleasant and euphoric. It has unique effects compared to other deliriants or hallucinogens. It also has a long, smooth and enjoyable come-up, where the effects build in a similar manner to cannabis.


Physical effects
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Visual effects
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Cognitive effects
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Auditory effects
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Forms

Myristicin is found in nutmeg, nutmeg essential oil and to a lesser extent in parsley, dill and other plants.

Ground nutmeg powder

Ground nutmeg powder

This is the most common form in which myristicin is sold, and it can be found in almost any supermarket as a spice.

It is worth noting that anecdotal reports suggest no clear guide on dosaging in this form. Some users report no effects at all from dosages that others consider extreme or even highly toxic. This may be the case because of varying myristicin content in ground powder and one should start at lower dosages reccomended here and always use the same brand. The dose for oral consumption is generally considered to be:

  • Light: 5 - 15g
  • Common: 15 - 20g
  • Strong: 20 - 30g
  • Heavy: 30g+

Pure myristicin

Myristicin can be extracted from nutmeg powder by fractional distillation. When using pure myristicin, the dose for oral consumption is generally considered to be:

  • Light: 50 - 200mg
  • Common: 200 - 500mg
  • Strong: 500 - 800mg
  • Heavy: 800mg+

Toxicity and harm potential

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This toxicity and harm potential section is a stub.

As such, it may contain incomplete or even dangerously wrong information. You can help by expanding or correcting it.
We also recommend that you conduct independent research and use harm reduction practices when using this substance.

Myristicin is neurotoxic and can be fatal in extremely high doses.

Tolerance and addiction potential

Myristicin is not known to be addictive and the desire to use it can actually decrease with use. It is mostly self-regulating.

Information regarding tolerance is unknown.

Legal issues

Myristicin and nutmeg are both unscheduled in nearly all parts of the world and are commonly bought in form of either ground spice, essential oil or as whole nuts.

Experience reports

Anecdotal reports which describe the effects of this compound within our experience index include:

Additional experience reports can be found here:

See also

External links

References