PRO-LAD

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Summary sheet: PRO-LAD


PRO-LAD
PRO-LAD.svg
Chemical Nomenclature
Common names PRO-LAD
Substitutive name 6-propyl- 6-nor- Lysergic acid diethylamide
Systematic name (8β)-N,N-Diethyl-6-propyl-9,10-didehydroergoline-8-carboxamide
Class Membership
Psychoactive class Psychedelic
Chemical class Lysergamide
Routes of Administration

WARNING: Always start with lower doses due to differences between individual body weight, tolerance, metabolism, and personal sensitivity. See responsible use section.



Oral
Dosage
Threshold 20 - 50 µg
Light 50 - 100 µg
Common 100 - 200 µg
Strong 200 - 400 µg
Heavy 400 µg +
Duration
Total 6 - 8 hours
Onset 30 - 45 minutes









DISCLAIMER: PW's dosage information is gathered from users and resources for educational purposes only. It is not a recommendation and should be verified with other sources for accuracy.

N-Propylnorlysergic acid N,N-diethylamide (also known as 6-Propyl-6-nor-lysergic acid diethylamide[1], N-PropylnorLSD[1] or simply PRO-LAD[1]) is a novel synthetic research psychedelic of the lysergamide chemical class that is reported to produce a similar, less intense array of LSD-like psychedelic effects when administered. It is a close structural homolog of LSD and was first documented by Alexander Shulgin in his book TiHKAL ("Tryptamines I Have Known and Loved"), in which one report remarks that it is "good for humor, even excellent... very good for clear thinking, although not cosmic-type particularly."[2]

PRO-LAD was first investigated by Andrew J. Hoffman and David E. Nichols in 1984 as part of a series of LSD analogs, which included compounds. AL-LAD and ETH-LAD. [3]. It was later described as an analog of LSD by Alexander Shulgin in the book TiHKAL. It has been reported to be around as potent as LSD itself with an active dose reported at between 100 and 200 micrograms.[2]

Very little data exists about the pharmacological properties, metabolism, and toxicity of PRO-LAD, and it has little history of human usage. It has recently become appeared on the market alongside research chemical psychedelic lysergamides like 1P-LSD and AL-LAD as a legal, grey-market alternative to LSD, and commercially distributed through online research chemical vendors, and is considered to be the most difficult to obtain. It is highly advised to approach this unstudied hallucinogenic substance with the proper amount of precaution and harm reduction practices if one chooses to use it.

Chemistry

Substitutive structure of a lysergamide.

Composition

PRO-LAD, or 6-propyl-6-nor-lysergic acid diethylamide, is a semisynthetic alkaloid of the lysergamide family. PRO-LAD is a structural analog of lysergic acid, with an N,N-diethylamide functional group bound to RN of the chemical structure. This core polycyclic structure is an ergoline derivative, and has overlapping tryptamine and phenethylamine groups embedded within it (although it is principally classed as a tryptamine).

PRO-LAD's structure contains a bicyclic hexahydroindole fused to a bicyclic quinoline group (nor-lysergic acid). Unlike LSD, PRO-LAD does not contain a methyl group substituted at R6 of its nor-lysergic acid skeleton, this is represented by the nor- prefix. Instead, PRO-LAD is substituted at R6 with a propyl group. At carbon 8 of the quinoline a N,N-diethyl carboxamide is bound.

PRO-LAD is a derivative of LSD, differing by the addition of two carbons to the methyl group at R6 of the structure to form a propyl chain. PRO-LAD is also homologous to ETH-LAD, which contains an ethyl substitution at R6 instead of a propyl chain.

Stereochemistry

PRO-LAD is a chiral compound with two stereocenters at R5 and R8. PRO-LAD, also called (+)-D-PRO-LAD, has an absolute configuration of (5R, 8R).

Pharmacology

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This pharmacology section is incomplete.

You can help by adding to it.

Further information: Serotonergic psychedelic

PRO-LAD likely acts as a 5-HT2A partial agonist. The psychedelic effects are believed to come from PRO-LAD's efficacy at the 5-HT2A receptors. However, the role of these interactions and how they result in the psychedelic experience continues to remain an object of scientific elucidation.

Subjective effects

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This subjective effects section is a stub.

As such, it is still in progress and may contain incomplete or wrong information.

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The effects listed below are based upon the subjective effects index and personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. These effects should be taken with a grain of salt and will rarely (if ever) occur all at once, but heavier doses will increase the chances of inducing a full range of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely on higher doses and may include serious injury or death.

Physical effects
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Visual effects
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Cognitive effects
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Multi-sensory effects
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Transpersonal effects
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Combinational effects

  • Cannabis - When used in conjunction with cannabis, both the visual and cognitive effects of PRO-LAD can be intensified and extended with extreme efficiency. This should be used with caution if one is not experienced with psychedelics. Many users sometimes report a dramatically more intense visual trip when combining it with THC concentrates such as hashish as opposed to cannabis flower. However, this can also amplify the anxiety, confusion and psychosis producing aspects of both substances significantly, so extreme caution with this combination is advised.
  • Dissociatives - When used in combination with dissociatives, the geometry, euphoria, dissociation and hallucinatory effects are often greatly enhanced. Dissociative-induced holes, spaces, and voids while under the influence of PRO-LAD have significantly more vivid visuals than dissociatives alone present, and more intense internal hallucinations and confusion.
  • MDMA - When used in conjunction with MDMA, the physical and cognitive effects of MDMA are amplified. The visual, physical and cognitive effects of PRO-LAD are also intensified with an overwhelming euphoric pleasure manifested through uniquely pleasurable body highs and headspaces, and uniquely colorful and awe-inspiring visuals. It is often recommended to wait at least three to four hours after ingesting PRO-LAD to take MDMA so as to avoid coming down from the latter while peaking on the former, but positive experiences have been reported with all possible timings. The synergy between these substances is unpredictable (and likely neurotoxic)[citation needed], and it is best to start with lower dosages than one would take for both substances individually.
  • Alcohol - This interaction is not typically recommended due to alcohol’s ability to cause dehydration, depression and thought disorganization which can negatively affect a trip if taken in high dosages. This combination is however reasonably safe in low doses and when used responsibly, this can often take the edge off a trip as well as dull its psychedelic effects in a fashion somewhat similar to benzodiazepines, albeit more stressful on the body.
  • Benzodiazepines - When used in combination with benzodiazepines, benzodiazepines can, depending on the dosage, slightly to completely reduce the intensity of the cognitive, physical and visual effects of a PRO-LAD trip. They are very efficient at stopping bad trips at the cost of amnesia and reduced trip intensity. Caution is advised when acquiring them for this purpose due to the very high addiction potential that benzodiazepines possess.
  • Psychedelics - When used in combination with other psychedelics, each drug's physical, cognitive and visual effects intensify and synergize strongly. The synergy between those substances is unpredictable, and for this reason generally not advised. If choosing to combine psychedelics, it is recommended to start with lower dosages than one would take for either substance individually.

Toxicity and harm potential

The toxicity and long-term health effects of recreational PRO-LAD do not seem to have been studied in any scientific context and the exact toxic dose is unknown. This is because PRO-LAD is a research chemical with very little history of human usage. Anecdotal evidence from people within the psychonaut community who have tried PRO-LAD suggests that there are no negative health effects attributed to simply trying the drug by itself at low to moderate doses and using it very sparingly (but nothing can be completely guaranteed). Independent research should always be done to ensure that a combination of two or more substances is safe before consumption.

It is strongly recommended that one use harm reduction practices when using this substance.

Tolerance and addiction potential

While no formal studies have been conducted, PRO-LAD is likely not habit-forming and it is reasonable to speculate that the desire to use it can actually decrease with repeated administratino. As with most psychedelics, it likely possesses what is considered an intrinsic, self-regulating aspect to it.

Tolerance to the effects of PRO-LAD are built almost immediately after ingestion. After that, it takes about 5-7 days for the tolerance to be reduced to half and 14 days to be back at baseline (in the absence of further consumption). PRO-LAD presents cross-tolerance with all psychedelics, meaning that after the consumption of PRO-LAD all psychedelics will have a reduced effect.

Dangerous interactions

Although many substances are safe on their own, they can become dangerous and even life-threatening when combined with other substances. The list below contains some common potentially dangerous combinations, but may not include all of them. Certain combinations may be relatively harmless in low doses of each but can still increase the risk of unpredictable injury or death. Independent research should always be done to ensure that a combination of two or more substances is safe before consumption. Note that the substances listed below refer to LSD specifically; however, there is no reason to believe they do not apply equally, if not even more so, to relatively unstudied and structurally similar compounds like AL-LAD as well.

  • Tramadol - Tramadol lowers seizure threshold[4] and psychedelics may cause occasional seizures.[5][6][7]
  • Stimulants - Stimulants may provoke anxiety or thought loops.[8]
  • Lithium - Individuals who take lithium for bipolar disorder or other psychiatric conditions should not take LSD. There are numerous anecdotal reports of seizures and or unsafe psychosis from this combination.[9][10][11][12]

Legal issues

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This legality section is a stub.

As such, it may contain incomplete or wrong information. You can help by expanding it.

  • Austria: PRO-LAD is technically not illegal but it may fall in the NPSG (Neue-Psychoaktive-Substanzen-Gesetz Österreich) as an analogue of LSD.[citation needed]
  • United Kingdom: As of January 7th, 2015, PRO-LAD is specifically named in the U.K. Misuse of Drugs Act as a Class A drug.[13]
  • Switzerland: On December 1, 2015, Switzerland added PRO-LAD to the list of controlled substances.[14]
  • Latvia - PRO-LAD is illegal in Latvia. Although it isn't officially scheduled, it is controlled as an LSD structural analog due to an amendment made on June 1th, 2015.[15]

See also

External links

Literature

  • Hoffman, A. J., & Nichols, D. E. (1985). Synthesis and LSD-like discriminative stimulus properties in a series of N (6)-alkyl norlysergic acid N, N-diethylamide derivatives. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 28(9), 1252-1255. https://doi.org/10.1021/jm00147a022.
  • Watts, V. J., Mailman, R. B., Lawler, C. P., Neve, K. A., & Nichols, D. E. (1995). LSD and structural analogs: pharmacological evaluation at D1 dopamine receptors. Psychopharmacology, 118(4), 401-409. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02245940.
  • Niwaguchi, T., Nakahara, Y., & Ishii, H. (1976). Studies on lysergic acid diethylamide and related compounds. IV. Syntheses of various amide derivatives of norlysergic acid and related compounds. Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan, 96(5), 673-678. PMID 987200.
  • Pfaff, R. C., Huang, X., Marona-Lewicka, D., Oberlender, R., & Nichols, D. E. (1994). Lysergamides Revisited. NIDA Research Monograph, 146, 52-73. PMID: 8742794.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Database; CID=44457803, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/44457803 (accessed May 5, 2017).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Shulgin, A., & Shulgin, A. (1991). Erowid Online Books: "TIHKAL" - #51. PRO-LAD. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  3. Hoffman A.J., Nichols D.E. (1985). Synthesis and LSD-like discriminative stimulus properties in a series of N(6)-alkyl norlysergic acid N,N-diethylamide derivatives. Journal of Medecinal Chemistry, 28(9), 1252-1255. PMID: 4032428
  4. Talaie, H., Panahandeh, R., Fayaznouri, M. R., Asadi, Z., & Abdollahi, M. (2009). Dose-independent occurrence of seizure with tramadol. Journal of medical toxicology, 5(2), 63-67. doi:10.1007/BF03161089
  5. Tripsit Factsheets - LSD | http://drugs.tripsit.me/lsd
  6. Fisher, D. D., & Ungerleider, J. T. (1967). Grand mal seizures following ingestion of LSD. California Medicine, 106(3), 210. PMCID: PMC1502729
  7. Question ID: 2837 (Ask Erowid) | https://www.erowid.org/ask/ask.php?ID=2837
  8. Tripsit Factsheets - LSD | http://drugs.tripsit.me/lsd
  9. https://erowid.org/chemicals/lsd/lsd_interactions.shtml | LSD Interactions by Erowid
  10. Wanderli. "A Nice Little Trip to the Hospital: An Experience with Lithium & LSD (ID 83935)". Erowid.org. Oct 3, 2010.
  11. MissDja1a. "Having a Seizure and Passing Out: An Experience with Lithium & LSD (ID 75153)". Erowid.org. Dec 16, 2008.
  12. Reddit account of seizure on LSD + Lithium | https://www.reddit.com/r/Psychonaut/comments/17uspp/please_read_a_cautionary_tale_concerning_lsd/
  13. ACMD (10 June 2014). "Update of the Generic Definition for Tryptamines" (PDF). UK Home Office. p. 12. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  14. https://www.admin.ch/opc/de/official-compilation/2015/5093.pdf
  15. Noteikumi par Latvijā kontrolējamajām narkotiskajām vielām, psihotropajām vielām un prekursoriem (2.4.punkts) | http://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=121086