LSA

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Summary sheet: LSA
LSA
LSA.svg
Chemical Nomenclature
Common names LSA, Ergine
Substitutive name d-Lysergic acid amide / d-Lysergamide
Systematic name (8β)-9,10-Didehydro-6-methyl-ergoline-8-carboxamide
Class Membership
Psychoactive class Psychedelic
Chemical class Lysergamide
Routes of Administration

WARNING: Always start with lower doses due to differences between individual body weight, tolerance, metabolism, and personal sensitivity. See responsible use section.



Oral
Dosage
Threshold Common Heavy
20 - 50 - 100 - 250 - 400 seeds
Light Strong
Duration
Total 5 - 10 hours
Onset 30 - 120 minutes
Peak 2 - 7 hours
Offset 1 - 2 hours
After effects 1 - 3 hours









DISCLAIMER: PW's dosage information is gathered from users and resources for educational purposes only. It is not a recommendation and should be verified with other sources for accuracy.

Lysergic acid amide (also known as LSA, d-lysergic acid amide, d-lysergamide, and Ergine) is a naturally-occurring psychedelic alkaloid of the lysergamide chemical class that produces psychedelic effects vaguely similar to those of LSD, albeit qualitatively distinct, when administered. It is structurally related to LSD and is thought to be the primary active compound within many plant products such as morning glory seeds, Hawaiian baby woodrose seeds and some species of fungi.[citation needed]

LSA was assayed for human activity by Albert Hofmann in self-trials in 1947, well before it was known to be a natural compound. Intramuscular administration of a 500 microgram dose led to a "tired, dreamy state with an inability to maintain clear thoughts." After a short period of sleep, the effects were gone and normal baseline was recovered within five hours.[1]

This report and others that have since followed suggest that the notion that LSA is the primary psychedelic component within morning glory and Hawaiian baby woodrose seeds is debatable as the effects of isolated synthetic LSA are only slightly psychedelic in nature. Therefore it is often thought that the overall experience may possibly be produced by a mixture of various lysergamide alkaloids (including iso-LSA and LSH) within these plant materials instead of a single psychoactive compound.

LSA is not considered to be addictive by the scientific community.[2] Nevertheless, unpredictable adverse reactions such as uncontrollable anxiety, paranoia, delusions and psychotic breaks can always still occur, particularly among those who are predisposed to psychiatric disorders.[3] While these negative reactions or "bad trips" can often be attributed to factors like the user's inexperience or improper preparation of set and setting, they are known to happen spontaneously among even the most experienced of users as well. As a result, it is highly advised to approach this potent hallucinogenic substance with the proper amount of precaution, preparation, and harm reduction practices if choosing to use it.

Chemistry

LSA, or d-lysergic acid amide, is a semisynthetic alkaloid of the lysergamide chemical class. It contains a core structure of lysergic acid with an amine functional group bound to RN of the chemical structure. This core polycyclic structure is an indole derivative, and has overlapping tryptamine and phenethylamine groups embedded within it (though it is primarily classified as a tryptamine).

The structure contains a bicyclic hexahydroindole fused to a bicyclic quinoline group (lysergic acid). At carbon 8 of the quinoline, an acetamide group is bound. LSA is additionally substituted at carbon 6 with a methyl group. It is a chiral compound with two stereocenters at R5 and R8. LSA, also called (+)-D-LSA, has an absolute configuration of (5R, 8R). The three other stereoisomers of LSA do not have psychoactive properties. LSA is structurally analogous to LSD, with the exception being that LSA lacks the diethyl substitution of LSD at RN of its carboxamide group.

Pharmacology

Further information: Serotonergic psychedelic

LSA's psychedelic effects are believed to come from its efficacy at the 5-HT2A receptor as a partial agonist. However, the role of these interactions and how they result in the psychedelic experience continues to remain an object of scientific elucidation.

Subjective effects

The effects listed below are based upon the subjective effects index and personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. The listed effects should be taken with a grain of salt and will rarely (if ever) occur all at once, but heavier doses will increase the chances and are more likely to induce a full range of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely on higher doses and may include serious injury or death.

Physical effects
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Visual effects
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Cognitive effects
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Transpersonal effects
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Experience reports

Anecdotal reports which describe the effects of this compound within our experience index include:

Additional experience reports can be found here:

Combinations

  • Cannabis - When used in combination with cannabis, both the sensory and cognitive effects of LSA become intensified and extended with exceptional efficiency. This combination should be taken with extreme caution, particularly if one is not experienced with psychedelics, as it has been well-observed to amplify the anxiety, confusion and psychosis inducing aspects of both substances significantly. It is often reported that being under the influence of psychedelics temporarily reduces one's cannabis tolerance to subjectively baseline levels. Those who choose to use this combination are advised to start off with only a fraction of their usual cannabis dose and take at least 20-minute breaks between hits in order to avoid a spiralling negative reaction.
  • Dissociatives - When used in combination with dissociatives, the dissociative, cognitive, visuals and general hallucinatory effects become greatly enhanced. Dissociative-induced holes, spaces, and voids while under the influence of LSA have significantly more vivid visuals than dissociatives alone, as well as more intense internal hallucinations, and corresponding confusion which can spontaneously manifest as delusions and psychosis.
  • MDMA - When combined with MDMA, the physical, cognitive, and euphoric effects of MDMA become amplified. The visual, physical and cognitive effects of LSA can also be intensified to the point of overwhelming euphoric pleasure manifested through uniquely pleasurable body highs, headspaces, and uniquely colorful and intricate visuals. The synergy between these substances is unpredictable, and it is advised to start with markedly lower dosages than one would take for both substances individually. Additionally, users should be aware that there are reasons to believe that this combination may result in unforeseen neurotoxic effects, so a strong sense of caution and independent research are highly advised if one decides to experiment with this combination.[citation needed]
  • Alcohol - This interaction is not typically recommended due to alcohol’s ability to cause dehydration and nausea and physical fatigue which can negatively affect a trip if taken in moderate to high dosages. This combination is, however, reasonably safe in low doses and can often "take the edge off" a trip as well as dull its psychedelic effects in a fashion somewhat similar to benzodiazepines, albeit in a more physically draining way.
  • Benzodiazepines - When used in combination with benzodiazepines, benzodiazepines can, depending on the dosage, slightly to completely reduce the intensity of the cognitive, physical and visual effects of an LSA trip. They are very efficient at stopping "bad trips" at the cost of amnesia and reduced trip intensity. Caution is advised when acquiring them for this purpose due to the very high addictive potential that benzodiazepines possess.
  • Psychedelics - When used in combination with other psychedelics, each substance's physical, cognitive and visual effects intensify and synergize strongly. The synergy between those substances is unpredictable, and for this reason generally not advised. If choosing to combine psychedelics, it is recommended to start with significantly lower dosages than one would take for either substance individually.
  • MAOIs - MAO inhibitors, such as passionflower and syrian rue potentiate the visual and introspective effects of psychedelics. It is advised to take caution when combining MAOIs with psychedelics because they can increase the chance of having a bad trip and may dangerously interact with other substances, such as SSRIs and stimulants, as well as some psychedelics such as MDA.

Natural plant sources

Although LSA is illegal in some countries, various seeds which contain it are readily available in many gardening stores. However, the seeds from commercial sources are often coated in some form of pesticide or methylmercury which can result in extreme nausea and body load if ingested, so are generally advised against. Methods for cleaning or de-coating the seeds are available, but are typically ineffective. The types of seeds listed below are easily accessible to purchase without pesticide coatings online.

Morning glory seeds (MGS)

Morning glory seeds

The seeds of many species of morning glory are known to contain lysergamide alkaloids such LSA.[4]

When using morning glory seeds, the doses for oral consumption are generally considered to be:

  • Threshold: 20 - 50 seeds / 1.5 g
  • Light: 50 - 100 seeds / 1.5 - 3 g
  • Common: 100 - 250 seeds / 3 - 6 g
  • Strong: 250 - 400 seeds / 6 - 10 g
  • Heavy: 400 seeds + / 10 g +

Hawaiian baby woodrose seeds (HBWR)

Hawaiian baby woodrose seeds

Hawaiian baby woodrose is a perennial climbing vine that is native to the Indian subcontinent and has since been introduced to numerous areas worldwide including Hawaii, Africa and the Caribbean. Its seeds may be consumed for their various lysergamide alkaloids such as LSA.[5]

When using Hawaiian baby woodrose seeds, the doses for oral consumption are generally considered to be:

  • Threshold: 1 - 3 seeds
  • Light: 3 - 5 seeds
  • Common: 5 - 7 seeds
  • Strong: 7 - 12 seeds
  • Heavy: 12 seeds +

Preparation methods

Preparation methods for this compound within our tutorial index include:

Toxicity and harm potential

The toxicity and long-term health effects of recreational LSA use do not seem to have been studied in any scientific context and the exact toxic dose is unknown. This is because LSA is a research chemical with very little history of human usage. Anecdotal evidence from people within the community who have tried LSA suggests that there are no negative health effects attributed to simply trying the substance by itself at low to moderate doses and using it very sparingly (but nothing can be completely guaranteed). Independent research should always be done to ensure that a combination of two or more substances is safe before consumption.

It is strongly recommended that one use harm reduction practices when using this substance.

Tolerance and addiction potential

LSA is not habit-forming and the desire to use it can actually decrease with use. It is most often self-regulating.

Tolerance to the effects of LSA are built almost immediately after ingestion. After that, it takes about 3 days for the tolerance to be reduced to half and 7 days to be back at baseline (in the absence of further consumption). LSA presents cross-tolerance with all psychedelics, meaning that after the consumption of LSA all psychedelics will have a reduced effect.

Vasoconstriction

LSA should not be used regularly for long periods of time. When used repeatedly over a short period of time, LSA's vasoconstrictive effects build up while the psychoactive effects get weaker. A common sign of vasoconstriction build up can be described as a feeling of painful or uncomfortable legs.[6] This happens as a result of an insufficient amount of blood getting to the muscles. The upper leg muscles are the largest, most energy consuming muscles in the body and will feel sore if blood flow to them is lowered even slightly.[7]

When HBWR, morning glory seeds or pure LSA seeds are consumed and sore legs are experienced, a break has been reported to be helpful. With LSA it can take up to 3 days of abstinence to get back to vasoconstriction baseline.

Interactions

Dangerous interactions

Although many psychoactive substances are safe on their own, they can become dangerous and even life-threatening when combined with other substances. The list below contains some common potentially dangerous combinations, but may not include all of them. Certain combinations may be safe in low doses of each but still increase the potential risk of death. Independent research should always be done to ensure that a combination of two or more substances is safe before consumption.

Legal status

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This legality section is a stub.

As such, it may contain incomplete or wrong information. You can help by expanding it.

  • Australia: The consumption, sale, and possession of LSA is illegal.[citation needed]
  • Austria: LSA-containing seeds are not regulated, thus not illegal to possess, produce and sell.[citation needed]
  • The Netherlands: The consumption, sale and possession of LSA is illegal.[citation needed]
  • New Zealand: The consumption, sale and possession of LSA is illegal. The plants and seeds of morning glory species are legal to possess, cultivate, buy and distribute.[citation needed]
  • Sweden: The consumption, sale and possession of LSA is illegal.[citation needed]
  • United Kingdom: LSA is a Class A drug and categorized as a precursor to LSD.[citation needed]
  • United States: As a precursor to LSD, LSA is a DEA Schedule III drug,[citation needed] however seeds containing LSA can be purchased legally on the internet and from gardening stores.
  • Latvia - LSA itself is illegal. Although it isn't scheduled, it is controlled as an LSD structural analog. However, there is no information about LSA-containing seeds. In Latvia, plants are only illegal if they contain Schedule I controlled substances and LSA is not a Schedule 1 controlled substance.[9]
  • Turkey - The consumption, sale and possession of LSA is illegal. The plants and seeds of morning glory species are legal to possess, cultivate, buy and distribute.[citation needed]

See also

External links

References

  1. #26. LSD-25 (LA-111, ergine, d-lysergamide) - TIHKAL | http://www.erowid.org/library/books_online/tihkal/tihkal26.shtml
  2. Lüscher, C., & Ungless, M. A. (2006). The Mechanistic Classification of Addictive Drugs, 3(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0030437
  3. Strassman, R. J. (1984). Adverse Reactions to Psychedelic Drugs: A Review of the Literature. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 172(10), 577-595. PMID: 6384428
  4. http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1165951
  5. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0379073809004745
  6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11128853
  7. http://animalsci.highwire.org/content/84/11/3167.short
  8. Talaie, H., Panahandeh, R., Fayaznouri, M. R., Asadi, Z., & Abdollahi, M. (2009). Dose-independent occurrence of seizure with tramadol. Journal of medical toxicology, 5(2), 63-67. doi:10.1007/BF03161089
  9. Noteikumi par Latvijā kontrolējamajām narkotiskajām vielām, psihotropajām vielām un prekursoriem | http://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=121086