|Summary sheet: 5-MeO-DMT|
|Common names||5-MeO-DMT, "The God Molecule"|
|Routes of Administration|
5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (also known as 5-MeO-DMT) is a naturally-occurring psychedelic substance of the tryptamine class. It is distributed in a wide variety of plant species, as well as in the venom of a single psychoactive toad species (Bufo Alvaris). It is structurally related to DMT and 5-HO-DMT (bufotenine) and produces some of the most powerful, intense, and short-lived psychedelic experiences known to man. 5-MeO-DMT produces its effects by binding to serotonin receptors in the brain, although the precise mechanism is not known.
5-MeO-DMT has been used as an entheogen by South American shamans for thousands of years. In modern times, both the extracts of the toad venom as well as synthetic powder form are used, primarily via vaporization. Its synthesis and psychoactive effects were documented in Alexander Shulgin's 1997 book TiHKAL ("Tryptamines I Have Known and Loved"). Recent studies have demonstrated its capacity to induce mystical experiences and there is interest in its potential therapeutic effects.
Subjective effects include unity and interconnectedness, time distortion, conceptual thinking, euphoria, and ego loss. 5-MeO-DMT's psychedelic effects are best compared to DMT in intensity (extreme) and duration (very short). However, it differs in that it generally lacks a visual component, is significantly more tactile and euphoric, and produces even stronger transpersonal effects like unity and interconnectedness and ego loss. Additionally, both mental and physical side effects are more often reported with 5-MeO-DMT, which is sometimes described as overwhelming and capable of producing panic attacks, dysphoria, as well as significant nausea and bodily discomfort.
Unlike its close relative DMT, which is considered to have minimal physiological toxicity, the toxicity and safety profile of 5-MeO-DMT is unclear. A small number of deaths have been attributed to its use and appear to be a result of overdose. Anecdotal reports indicate that this substance is likely to be overly intense for those who are not extensively experienced with powerful psychedelics (e.g. DMT, ayahuasca and DPT). It is highly advised to use harm reduction practices if using this substance.
5-MeO-DMT or 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine is a ring-substituted indole alkaloid molecule of the tryptamine class. Tryptamines share a core structure comprised of a bicylic indole heterocycle attached at R3 to a terminal amine group via an ethyl side chain. 5-MeO-DMT is substituted at R5 of its indole heterocycle with a methoxy (MeO) functional group CH3O−; it also contains two methyl groups CH3- bound to the terminal amine RN of its tryptamine backbone (DMT). 5-MeO-DMT is the N-substituted methyl homologue of 5-MeO-MiPT and 5-MeO-DiPT, although it radically differs in its effects.
5-MeO-DMT has also been shown to be produced endogenously in the human body in trace amounts, although its biological function, if any, is unclear.
5-Meo-DMT's psychedelic effects are primarily believed to come from its efficacy at the 5-HT2A receptor as a partial agonist. Specifically, this molecule shows high binding affinity for the 5-HT2A and 5-HT1A subtypes. However, the role of these interactions and how they result in the psychedelic experience continues to remain elusive.
Additional mechanisms of action such as reuptake inhibition of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine are also thought to be involved to an extent. This can result in 5-MeO-DMT becoming dangerously toxic when combined with MAOIs, RIMAs, SSRIs, stimulants or any substance which acts as a releasing agent or reuptake inhibitor of monoamine neurotransmitters.
|This subjective effects section is a stub.|
As such, it is still in progress and may contain incomplete or wrong information.
You can help by expanding or correcting it.
Disclaimer: The effects listed below cite the Subjective Effect Index (SEI), a literature based on anecdotal reports and the personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. As a result, they should be treated with a healthy amount of skepticism. It is worth noting that these effects will not necessarily occur in a consistent or reliable manner, although higher doses are more likely to induce the full spectrum of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely with higher doses and may include serious injury or death.
The physical effects of 5-MeO-DMT can be broken down into several components which progressively intensify proportional to dosage. In comparison to its often relatively mild accompanying cognitive and visual effects, 5-MeO-DMT seems to have by far the most proportionally intense and overwhelming physical sensations found within the known psychedelic experience. These individual components are complex, overwhelming and seem to be equally capable of being interpreted as either extremely pleasurable and euphoric or uncomfortable and dysphoric.
- Spontaneous bodily sensations - Perhaps the most remarkable sensation present in the 5-MeO-DMT experience. It increases the intensity of physical and tactile sensations to such an overwhelming extent that it can induce a sensation of sustained and repeatable full body orgasm within every nerve ending across the entire body, to a degree not found within any other psychedelic substance. The experience of this can result in the perception of having a difficulty sustaining the act of breathing. However, this is not a genuine or dangerous experience of respiratory depression and is considered to be safe, although studies into this phenomenon are lacking.
- Physical euphoria
- Tactile enhancement
- Perception of bodily heaviness
- Bodily control enhancement
- Bodily pressures
- Changes in felt bodily form
- Changes in felt gravity
- Physical autonomy
- Muscle contractions
- Muscle spasms
- Muscle tremors
- Motor control loss
- Respiratory depression
- Nausea - Nausea is perhaps more pronounced and consistently produced on 5-MeO-DMT than any other psychedelic. It is not uncommon for users to vomit while in an unconscious or semi-conscious state, which is one of the reasons supervised usage is always advised. However, some people report experiences with minimal or brief nausea. When nausea does occur, it typically disappears after the come up phase.
- Pupil dilation
- Skin flushing
- Spatial disorientation
- Temperature regulation suppression
The visual effects of 5-MeO-DMT can be broken down into several components which progressively intensify proportional to dosage. In comparison to its consistently overwhelming and intense accompanying cognitive and physical effects, 5-MeO-DMT seems to have some of the most proportionally underwhelming visual effects found within the known varieties of the psychedelic experience.
- Visual acuity enhancement or Visual acuity suppression - 5-MeO-DMT is equally capable of both decreasing and increasing visual acuity. The outcome of which effect will manifest seems to be chosen almost entirely at random and is largely setting dependent.
- Drifting (Morphing, Breathing, Melting, Flowing) - In comparison to other psychedelics, this effect can be described as identical to DMT in its style, highly detailed, slow and smooth in motion and static in appearance.
- Colour shifting
- Environmental orbism
The visual geometry that is present throughout this trip does not usually occur and in notable contrast to DMT, does not extend beyond level 7 at its highest state (though some experiences involving nonvisual 8b have been reported). It is vaguely similar to DMT although significantly smaller in size and more likely to manifest in darkness or without distractions. In terms of appearance, it can be comprehensively described through its variations as intricate in complexity, abstract in form, equally organic and digital in feel, structured in organization, brightly lit, multicoloured in scheme, glossy in shading, equal in sharp and soft edges, small in size, fast in speed, smooth in motion, equal in rounded and angular corners, immersive in-depth and consistent in its intensity. 5-MeO-DMT is unique in that in breakthrough doses, it uniquely tends to result in 8B Geometry over level 8A.
- Analysis enhancement
- Conceptual thinking
- Emotion enhancement
- Memory suppression
- Ego death - This effect is more consistent and reproducible on 5-MeO-DMT than on any other known substance.
- Autonomous voice communication
- Thought connectivity
- Time distortion
- Note: For a number of individuals these effects are consistently more reproducible and powerful with smoked or vaporized 5-MeO-DMT than they are with other “classical psychedelics” such as LSD or mescaline, this is most likely due to its very intense but relatively short-lived effects. These components are unique to 5-MeO-DMT in that for a majority of its users they are significantly more likely to manifest during "breakthrough" experiences as opposed to sub-breakthrough level trips.
Anecdotal reports which describe the effects of this compound within our experience index include:
- Experience: 40mg 5-MeO-DMT (oral) + 40mg MXE (oral) - Untitled
- Experience:A combination of DOC, 5-MAPB, 5-MeO-DMT, ETH-LAD, Cannabis, Pentedrone
Additional experience reports can be found here:
Routes of administration
When taken in its synthetic powder form, 5-MeO-DMT is typically vaporized, but can also be insufflated (although this is discouraged), and is active at a dose of as little as 2 mg. It has been suggested that it possesses roughly 4-5x the potency of DMT.
As with DMT, 5-MeO-DMT has been demonstrated to be active orally when taken with an MAOI, but according to numerous reports this combination tends to be extremely unpleasant, producing a strong body load in addition to the risk of hypertensive symptoms and serotonin syndrome, and is therefore strongly advised against. On both physical and psychological levels, it is considered to be substantially less safe than DMT.
Colorado River toad
The Colorado River toad (Incilius alvarius), also known as the Sonoran Desert toad, is a toad found in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States. Its skin and venom contain 5-MeO-DMT and bufotenin (5-HO-DMT). Fresh venom can be collected without harm to the toad. This is done by stroking the parotid glands in the neck region onto a flat glass plate. The venom will take on the texture of rubber cement on drying, which can then be smoked. This product contains up to 15% 5-MeO-DMT, as well as 5-MeO-NMT and bufotenin.
Assuming that an average of at least 10% of the venom is 5-MeO-DMT:
- Threshold: 10 - 20 mg
- Light: 20 - 50 mg
- Common: 50 - 100 mg
- Strong: 100 - 200 mg
Toxicity and harm potential
This toxicity and harm potential section is a stub.
As such, it may contain incomplete or even dangerously wrong information. You can help by expanding or correcting it.
The toxicity and long-term health effects of recreational 5-MeO-DMT do not seem to have been studied in any scientific context and the exact toxic dose is unknown. This is because 5-MeO-DMT has a limited history of documented human usage.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that there are unlikely to be any negative health effects attributed to simply trying it by itself at low to moderate doses and using it very sparingly (but nothing can be completely guaranteed). Independent research should always be done to ensure that a combination of two or more substances is safe before consumption.
It is strongly recommended that one use harm reduction practices when using this substance.
Dependence and abuse potential
Like other serotonergic psychedelics, 5-MeO-DMT is considered to be non-addictive with a low abuse potential. There are no literature reports of successful attempts to train animals to self-administer 5-MeO-DMT — an animal model predictive of abuse liability — indicating that it does not have the necessary pharmacology to either initiate or maintain dependence.
Tolerance to the effects of 5-MeO-DMT are built almost immediately after ingestion. After that, it takes about 1 hour for the tolerance to be reduced to half and 2 hours to be back at baseline (in the absence of further consumption). 5-MeO-DMT does not have a cross-tolerance with other psychedelics, meaning that after the consumption of 5-MeO-DMT psychedelics will not have a reduced effect.
Although many psychoactive substances are reasonably safe to use on their own, they can quickly become dangerous or even life-threatening when combined with other substances. The list below includes some known dangerous combinations (although it cannot be guaranteed to include all of them). Independent research (e.g. Google, DuckDuckGo) should always be conducted to ensure that a combination of two or more substances is safe to consume. Some interactions listed have been sourced from TripSit.
- 2c-t-x - Both classes of compounds can be unpredictable alone
- 2c-x - The 5-MeO psychedelics can interact unpredictably to potentiate other psychedelics
- dox - The 5-MeO class of tryptamines can be unpredictable in their interactions, particularly increasing the risk of unpleasant physical side effects.
- mdma - Some of the 5-MeO tryptamines are a bit unpredictable and should be mixed with MDMA with care
- mescaline - The 5-MeO class of tryptamines can be unpredictable in their interactions
- nbomes - The 5-MeO class of tryptamines can be unpredictable in their interactions and the NBOMes are known to be unpredictable even alone. This combination is best avoided
- amphetamines - The anxiogenic and focusing effects of stimulants increase the chance of unpleasant thought loops. The combination is generally unnecessary because of the stimulating effects of psychedelics.
- cocaine - The anxiogenic and focusing effects of stimulants increase the chance of unpleasant thought loops. The combination is generally unnecessary because of the stimulating effects of psychedelics.
- dxm - Little information exists about this combination.
Deaths from 5-MeO-DMT are rare. However, as a powerful monoamine reuptake inhibitor (MRI), injury can occur when excessive doses are taken or when taken with substances such as MAOIs, RIMAs, stimulants and anything which act as a releasing agent or reuptake inhibitor of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine. This has resulted in well documented deaths that could have been otherwise prevented.
- Austria: 5-Meo-DMT is, as an ether of N,N-DMT, illegal to possess, produce and sell under the SMG (Suchtmittelgesetz Österreich).
- Brazil: Possession, production and sale is illegal as it is listed on Portaria SVS/MS nº 344.
- China: As of October 2015, 5-MeO-DMT is a controlled substance in China.
- Denmark: As of December 2004, 5-MeO-DMT is legally restricted to "medical or scientific purposes".
- Germany: 5-MeO-DMT is controlled under Anlage I BtMG (Narcotics Act, Schedule I) as of October 10, 2000. It is illegal to manufacture, possess, import, export, buy, sell, procure or dispense it without a license.
- Greece: 5-MeO-DMT became a controlled substance in Greece on February 18, 2003 [EU Legal Database].
- Latvia: 5-MeO-DMT is a Schedule I drug.
- New Zealand: 5-MeO-DMT is Schedule I (Class A) in New Zealand.
- Romania: 5-MeO-DMT is illegal to produce and sell in Romania under the controlled substance analogue act since February 2010.
- Sweden: 5-MeO-DMT was classified as a health hazard under the act "Lagen om förbud mot vissa hälsofarliga varor" (translated as the "Act on the Prohibition of Certain Goods Dangerous to Health") in their regulation SFS 2004:696, making it illegal to sell or possess as of Oct 1, 2004.
- Switzerland: 5-MeO-DMT is a controlled substance specifically named under Verzeichnis E.
- United Kingdom: 5-MeO-DMT is a Class A drug in the UK as it is an ether of the drug 5-HO-DMT, which is a Class A drug as a result of the tryptamine catch-all clause.
- United States: 5-MeO-DMT was added to Schedule I, effective January 19, 2011. This means it is illegal to manufacture, buy, possess, or distribute (sell, trade or give) without a DEA license.
- Ott, J. (2011). Pharmepéna-Psychonautics: Human Intranasal, Sublingual and Oral Pharmacology of 5-Methoxy-N, N-Dimethyl-Tryptamine. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 33(4), 403-407. https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2001.10399925
- Shen, H.-W., Jiang, X.-L., Winter, J. C., & Yu, A.-M. (2010). Psychedelic 5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine: Metabolism, Pharmacokinetics, Drug Interactions, and Pharmacological Actions. Current Drug Metabolism, 11(8), 659–666. https://doi.org/10.2174/138920010794233495
- Davis, A. K., Barsuglia, J. P., Lancelotta, R., Grant, R. M., & Renn, E. (2018). The epidemiology of 5-methoxy-N, N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) use: Benefits, consequences, patterns of use, subjective effects, and reasons for consumption. Journal of Psychopharmacology. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881118769063
- Oroc, J. (2009). Tryptamine Palace: 5-MeO-DMT and the Sonoran Desert Toad. Simon and Schuster.
- Barsuglia, J.; Davis, A. K.; Palmer, R.; Lancelotta, R.; Windham-Herman, A.-M.; Peterson, K.; Polanco, M.; Grant, Robert; Griffiths, R. R. (2018). "Intensity of Mystical Experiences Occasioned by 5-MeO-DMT and Comparison With a Prior Psilocybin Study". Frontiers in Psychology. 9: 2459. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02459. ISSN 1664-1078. OCLC 701805890. PMC . PMID 30574112.
- Shulgin, Alexander; Shulgin, Ann (1997). "#38. 5-MeO-DMT". TiHKAL: The Continuation. United States: Transform Press. ISBN 0-9630096-9-9. OCLC 38503252.
- Shen, H.-W.; Jiang, X.-L.; Winter, J. C.; Yu, A.-M. (2010). "Psychedelic 5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine: Metabolism, Pharmacokinetics, Drug Interactions, and Pharmacological Actions". Current Drug Metabolism. 11 (8): 659–666. doi:10.2174/138920010794233495. eISSN 1875-5453. ISSN 1389-2002. OCLC 55201006. PMC . PMID 20942780.
- Krebs-Thomson, K.; Ruiz, E. M.; Masten, V.; Buell, M.; Geyer, M. A. (2006). "The roles of 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptors in the effects of 5-MeO-DMT on locomotor activity and prepulse inhibition in rats". Psychopharmacology. 189 (3): 319–329. doi:10.1007/s00213-006-0566-1. eISSN 1432-2072. ISSN 0033-3158. OCLC 2409222. PMID 17013638.
- Nagai, F.; Nonaka, R.; Satoh, K.; Kamimura, H. (2007). "The effects of non-medically used psychoactive drugs on monoamine neurotransmission in rat brain". European Journal of Pharmacology. 559 (2–3): 132–137. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.11.075. eISSN 1879-0712. ISSN 0014-2999. OCLC 01568459. PMID 17223101.
- Ott, Jonathan (2001). "Pharmepéna-Psychonautics: Human Intranasal, Sublingual and Oral Pharmacology of 5-Methoxy-N, N-Dimethyl-Tryptamine". Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 33 (4): 403–407. doi:10.1080/02791072.2001.10399925. eISSN 2159-9777. ISSN 0279-1072. PMID 11824699.
- "5-MeO-DMT (5-Methoxydimethyltryptamine): Health". Erowid. September 2, 2010. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
- Brush, D. E.; Bird, S. B.; Boyer, E. W. (2004). "Monoamine oxidase inhibitor poisoning resulting from Internet misinformation on illicit substances". Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology. 42 (2): 191–195. doi:10.1081/clt-120030949. eISSN 1556-9519. ISSN 1556-3650. PMID 15214625.
- Sklerov, J.; Levine, B.; Moore, K. A.; King, T.; Fowler, D. (2005). "A fatal intoxication following the ingestion of 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine in an ayahuasca preparation". Journal of Analytical Toxicology. 29 (8): 838–841. doi:10.1093/jat/29.8.838. eISSN 1945-2403. ISSN 0146-4760. OCLC 02942106. PMID 16356341.
- "RESOLUÇÃO DA DIRETORIA COLEGIADA - RDC N° 130, DE 2 DE DEZEMBRO DE 2016" (in Portuguese). Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA) [Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency (ANVISA)]. December 5, 2016.
- "关于印发《非药用类麻醉药品和精神药品列管办法》的通知" (in Chinese). 国家食品药品监督管理总局 [China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA)]. September 27, 2015. Archived from the original on September 6, 2017. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
- "Gesetz über den Verkehr mit Betäubungsmitteln: Anlage I" (in German). Bundesamt für Justiz [Federal Office of Justice]. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- "Vierzehnte Verordnung zur Änderung betäubungsmittelrechtlicher Vorschriften". Bundesgesetzblatt Jahrgang 2000 Teil I Nr. 44 (in German). Bundesanzeiger Verlag (published September 30, 2000). September 27, 2000. pp. 1414–1415. ISSN 0341-1095. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
- "Gesetz über den Verkehr mit Betäubungsmitteln: § 29" (in German). Bundesamt für Justiz [Federal Office of Justice]. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- "Noteikumi par Latvijā kontrolējamajām narkotiskajām vielām, psihotropajām vielām un prekursoriem" (in Latvian). VSIA Latvijas Vēstnesis. November 10, 2005. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
- http://legislatie.just.ro/Public/DetaliiDocumentAfis/116209. Missing or empty
- "Svensk författningssamling Förordning om ändring i förordningen (1999:58) om förbud mot vissa hälsofarliga varor" (PDF) (in Swedish) (published September 7, 2004). August 19, 2004. SFS 2004:696.
- "Verordnung des EDI über die Verzeichnisse der Betäubungsmittel, psychotropen Stoffe, Vorläuferstoffe und Hilfschemikalien" (in German). Bundeskanzlei [Federal Chancellery of Switzerland]. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
- "Schedule 2: Part I: Class A Drugs". "Misuse of Drugs Act 1971". UK Government. Retrieved August 20, 2020.