O-PCE

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Summary sheet: O-PCE
O-PCE
Molecular structure of O-PCE
O-PCE.svg
Chemical Nomenclature
Common names O-PCE, Eticyclidone
Substitutive name 2'-Oxo-PCE
Systematic name 2-(Ethylamino)-2-phenylcyclohexan-1-one
Class Membership
Psychoactive class Dissociative
Chemical class Arylcyclohexylamine
Routes of Administration

WARNING: Always start with lower doses due to differences between individual body weight, tolerance, metabolism, and personal sensitivity. See responsible use section.



Oral
Dosage
Threshold 1 - 3 mg
Light 3 - 5 mg
Common 5 - 15 mg
Strong 15 - 25 mg
Heavy 25 mg +
Duration
Total 3 - 6 hours
Onset 20 - 40 minutes
After effects 4 - 48 hours



Insufflated
Dosage
Threshold 2 - 4 mg
Light 3 - 6 mg
Common 6 - 12 mg
Strong 12 - 20 mg
Heavy 20 mg +
Duration
Total 3 - 5 hours
Onset 2 - 5 minutes
After effects 2 - 12 hours






DISCLAIMER: PW's dosage information is gathered from users and resources for educational purposes only. It is not a recommendation and should be verified with other sources for accuracy.

2'-Oxo-PCE (also known as as Eticyclidone, and O-PCE) is a novel synthetic dissociative substance of the arylcyclohexylamine chemical class that produces dissociative, anesthetic, stimulating and hallucinogenic effects when administered. It is structurally related to MXE and deschloroketamine (also known as 2'-Oxo-PCM, O-PCM, and DCK) and is speculated to produce its effects through its activity as an NMDA receptor antagonist.

The structural similarities O-PCE shares with DCK, which has been speculated to have antibacterial properties,[1] has raised some concern as to whether it also shares these properties as well. However, due to the lack of scientific research on the subject, whether this is true currently remains entirely unknown. It is advised that users this substance should keep in mind that the possibility of prolonged use may pose a serious threat to one's health and immune system if this does prove to be the case.

O-PCE is an example of a contemporary designer drug specifically chosen to mimic and/or replace the functional and structural features of its predecessors. It has recently become commonly available through online research chemical vendors[2] where it is being marketed and sold as a designer drug replacement for MXE and other dissociatives for recreational purposes. Unlike many other research chemical dissociatives, there is almost a total absence of scientific literature on O-PCE, particularly with regards to its toxicity, addiction and abuse potential in humans.

Due to its novelty and extremely short history of human usage, all information related to the use of this compound should be treated with extreme caution. It is strongly recommended that one use harm reduction practices if choosing to use this substance.

Chemistry

O-PCE, or 2'-Oxo-PCE, belongs to the arylcyclohexylamine chemical class. Arylcyclohexylamine drugs are named for their structures which include a cyclohexane ring bound to an aromatic ring along with an amine group. Deschloroketamine contains a phenyl ring bonded to a cyclohexane ring substituted with an oxo group (cyclohexanone) at R1. Bound to the adjacent alpha carbon (R2) of the cyclohexanone ring is an amino ethyl chain -NCH2CH3. 2'-Oxo-PCE, like MXE contains an amino ethyl chain rather than the amino methyl chain found in DCK and ketamine. 2'-Oxo-PCE is homologous to DCK, differing only in the length of their carbon chain.

Pharmacology

Further information: NMDA receptor antagonist

Due to the lack of research regarding the substance, all discussion regarding the pharmacology of it is purely based on its structure and subjective effect similarities to other arylcyclohexylamine dissociatives such as ketamine, PCE and methoxetamine (i.e. 3-MeO-2'-Oxo-PCE). While no scientific studies have been conducted to verify this, structure-activity relationship analysis suggests that 2'-Oxo-PCE likely exhibits its observed effects principally as an NMDA receptor antagonist, although other neurotransmitter systems may be involved.[citation needed]

NMDA receptors (a subtype of receptors for glutamate, which are the principle excitatory neurotransmitters in the nervous system) allow for electrical signals to pass between nerve cells in the brain and spinal column; for the signals to pass, the receptor must be open. NMDA receptor antagonists have been shown to disrupt this signaling by blocking these receptors. This disconnection of information flow in the nervous system leads to loss of sensation (anesthesia), difficulty moving (motor discoordination), and eventually this substance's equivalent of the “K-hole.”[citation needed]

Subjective effects

In comparison to DCK, ketamine and MXE, this compound can be described as generally more stimulating with fewer cognitive and sensory suppressions. The first half of its duration has been reported to produce primarily stimulating effects with minimal dissociation whilst the second half is primarily dissociating with minimal stimulation.

The effects listed below are based upon the subjective effects index and personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. The listed effects should be taken with a grain of salt and will rarely (if ever) occur all at once, but heavier doses will increase the chances and are more likely to induce a full range of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely on higher doses and may include injury or death.

Physical effects
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Experience reports

There are currently no anecdotal reports which describe the effects of this compound within our experience index. Additional experience reports can be found here:

Toxicity and harm potential

The toxicity and long-term health effects of recreational O-PCE use do not seem to have been studied in any scientific context and the exact toxic dosage is unknown. This is because O-PCE has very little history of human usage. Anecdotal evidence from people who have tried O-PCE within the community suggests that there do not seem to be any negative health effects attributed to simply trying this substance at low to moderate doses by itself and using it sparingly (but nothing can be completely guaranteed).

O-PCE shares a close structural relationship to deschloroketamine (O-PCM), which has been speculated to have immuno-modulative properties.[1] It is not known whether O-PCE also has these properties due to the lack of sufficient scientific research. However, the possibility should be kept in mind because prolonged use could potentially pose a serious threat to one's health and immune system.

It is strongly recommended that one use harm reduction practices, such as volumetric dosing, when using this substance to ensure the accurate administration of the intended dose.

Tolerance and addiction potential

As with other NMDA receptor antagonists, the chronic use of O-PCE can be considered moderately addictive with a high potential for abuse and is capable of causing psychological dependence among certain users. When addiction has developed, cravings and withdrawal effects may occur if a person suddenly stops their usage.

Tolerance to many of the effects of O-PCE develops with prolonged and repeated use. This results in users having to administer increasingly large doses to achieve the same effects. After that, it takes about 3 - 7 days for the tolerance to be reduced to half and 1 - 2 weeks to be back at baseline (in the absence of further consumption). O-PCE presents cross-tolerance with all dissociatives, meaning that after the consumption of O-PCE all dissociatives will have a reduced effect.

Urinary tract effects

In terms of its long-term health effects when used repeatedly and excessively for extended periods of time, O-PCE seems to exhibit similar bladder and urinary tract problems to those found within ketamine, although to what extent is unclear. This is likely because O-PCE is significantly more potent than ketamine, meaning that less of the drug needs to be consumed. Symptoms of ketamine-induced cystitis can become extremely serious and can be described as:

  • Urinary frequency - Urinary frequency is the need to empty the bladder every few minutes.
  • Urinary urgency - This can be described as a sudden, compelling need to urinate.
  • Urinary pressure - This is experienced as a constant sensation of fullness in the bladder that is unrelieved by urination.
  • Pelvic and bladder pain - Pain can develop suddenly and severely, particularly as the bladder fills with urine.
  • Hematuria - Hematuria is visible blood in the urine.
  • Incontinence - This is the leakage of urine.

However, anecdotal evidence suggests that these symptoms can be largely avoided by refraining from using O-PCE on a regular basis (e.g. weekly at the bare minimum) and carefully monitoring and limiting one's intake of the substance.

Dangerous interactions

Although many psychoactive substances are safe on their own, they can become dangerous and even life-threatening when combined with other substances. The list below contains some common potentially dangerous combinations, but may not include all of them. Certain combinations may be safe in low doses of each but still increase the potential risk of death. Independent research should always be done to ensure that a combination of two or more substances is safe before consumption.

Prominent examples include PCP and its analogs 3-MeO-PCP, MXE, and the diarylethylamine dissociatives like diphenidine or ephenidine. There is also evidence that suggests that combining these two increases their neurotoxicity.[citation needed] Anecdotally, worsened comedowns are also commonly reported when these two classes of substances are combined.
  • Depressants - Because both depress the respiratory system, this combination can result in an increased risk of suddenly falling unconscious, vomiting and choking to death from the resulting suffocation. If nausea or vomiting occurs, users should attempt to fall asleep in the recovery position or have a friend move them into it.

Legality

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This legality section is a stub.

As such, it may contain incomplete or wrong information. You can help by expanding it.

  • United Kingdom - 2-Oxo-PCE is a class B drug in the UK and is illegal to possess, produce, supply, or import. As an N-alkyl derivative of 2-Amino-2-phenylcyclohexanone, it is covered by the arylcyclohexylamine generic clause added to the Misuse of Drugs Act by S.I. 2013/239, which came into effect on the 26th February 2013.[3]

See also

External links

Literature

  • Morris, H., & Wallach, J. (2014). From PCP to MXE: A comprehensive review of the non-medical use of dissociative drugs. Drug Testing and Analysis, 6(7–8), 614–632. https://doi.org/10.1002/dta.1620

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Patent US 3254124 - Aminoketones and methods for their production | http://www.google.com/patents/US3254124
  2. The Big & Dandy 2'-Oxo-PCE / 2'-Oxo-PCE Thread | http://www.bluelight.org/vb/threads/767905-The-Big-amp-Dandy-2'-Oxo-PCE-2-Oxo-PCE-Thread
  3. The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (Amendment) Order 2013 (Legislation.gov.uk) | http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2013/239/introduction/made