Physical enhancements are defined as any effect which intensifies or enhances a facet of one's physical body.
Appetite enhancement (also known as "the munchies") can be described as the experience of a distinct increase in a person's sense of hunger and appetite. This results in both an increased desire to eat food and an increased enjoyment of its taste.
Appetite enhancement is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of orexigenic compounds, such as cannabinoids, mirtazapine, and quetiapine. However, it may also occur under the influence of other compounds such as GABAergic depressants, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), tetracyclic antidepressants, first-generation antihistamines, most antipsychotics, and many steroid hormones.
Bodily control enhancement
Bodily control enhancement can be described as feeling as if there has been a distinct increase in a person's ability to control their physical body with precision, balance, coordination, and dexterity. This results in the feeling that they can accurately control a much greater variety of muscles across their body with the tiniest of subtle mental triggers.
The experience of this effect is often subjectively interpreted by people as a profound and primal feeling of being put back in touch with the animal body.
Bodily control enhancement is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of stimulating psychedelics, such as LSD, 2C-B, and DOC. However, it may also occur to a lesser extent under the influence of other compounds such as traditional stimulants and light dosages of stimulating dissociatives.
Increased libido can be described as a distinct increase in feelings of sexual desire, the anticipation of sexual activity, and the likelihood that a person will view the context of a given situation as sexual in nature. When experienced, this sensation is not overwhelming or out of control, but simply remains something that one is constantly aware of.
Increased libido is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as tactile enhancement, and stimulation in a manner which can lead to greatly intensified feelings of sexual pleasure. It is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of stimulant compounds, particularly dopaminergic stimulants such as methamphetamine and cocaine. However, it may also occur under the influence of other compounds such as GABAergic depressants and psychedelics.
Olfactory enhancement (also known as hyperosmia) is the experience of smells becoming significantly richer, stronger, and more noticeable than that of everyday sobriety. This experience can either be positive or negative depending on the smell and the person's prior opinion of them. For example, while certain smells such as food or flowers may become a true delight during this experience, other smells such as pollution or body odour may become overpowering in an uncomfortable manner which can potentially trigger nausea and vomiting.
Olfactory enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement, tactile enhancement, and auditory enhancement. It is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline. However, it can also occur to a lesser extent under the influence of certain stimulants and dissociatives such as MDMA or 3-MeO-PCP.
Stamina enhancement can be described as an increased ability to engage in physically and mentally taxing activities without the development of fatigue. Although this effect is commonly mistaken for stimulation, it differs as it is not a direct increase in one's energy levels. Instead, it is an increase in one's resilience in performing an activity combined with a mitigation of general fatigue.
Psychoactive substances that directly increase a person's endurance without stimulation are known as actoprotectors. These are defined as "substances that enhance body stability against physical or mental loads without increasing oxygen consumption or heat production." Although actoprotectors are extremely uncommon, there are many compounds which are capable of inducing endurance enhancement alongside other effects such as stimulation, focus enhancement, and motivation enhancement. These commonly include most stimulants such as amphetamine and specific psychedelics such as LSD.
Stimulation can be described as an increase in a person's physical energy levels which are interpreted as encouraging when it comes to wakefulness, movement, performing tasks, talkativeness, and general exercise.
At lower levels, stimulation typically presents itself as encouraged more so than forced. This can be described as feeling distinctly energetic, but in a purely controllable fashion that does not overwhelm the person with involuntary movements should they choose to stop expending large amounts of energy. It is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as motivation enhancement, analysis enhancement, thought acceleration, focus enhancement, and appetite suppression in a manner which can result in a distinct increase in the person's overall productivity.
At higher levels, stimulation typically presents itself as forced more so than encouraged. This can be described as the effects of increased energy becoming so pronounced that the person will be incapable of relaxing and will feel an irresistible urge to perform some sort of physical task. It is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as thought disorganization, focus suppression, short term memory suppression, increased heart rate, teeth grinding, temporary erectile dysfunction, sweating, and dehydration in a manner which can lead to lead to a distinct decrease in the person's overall productivity.
Stimulation is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of stimulant compounds, particularly dopaminergic stimulants such as amphetamine, methylphenidate, MDMA, and cocaine. However, it may also occur under the influence of other compounds such as certain psychedelics and certain dissociatives.
- Berry, Elliot M., and Raphael Mechoulam. "Tetrahydrocannabinol and endocannabinoids in feeding and appetite." Pharmacology & therapeutics 95.2 (2002): 185-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0163-7258(02)00257-7
- Montgomery, S. A. (1995). Safety of mirtazapine: a review. International clinical psychopharmacology, 10, 37-45. https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/8930008
- Common side effects of seroquel (rxlist) | https://www.rxlist.com/seroquel-side-effects-drug-center.htm
- Makwana, S., Solanki, M., Raloti, S., & Dikshit, R. (2013). Evaluation of recreational use of aphrodisiac drugs and its consequences: an online questionnaire-based study. International Journal of Research in Medicine, 2(1), 51-59. http://www.ijorim.com/siteadmin/article_issue/1368096341Ijorim12.pdf
- Sandroni, P. (2001). Aphrodisiacs past and present: a historical review. Clinical Autonomic Research, 11(5), 303-307. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02332975
- VAZIRI, S., & LOTFI, K. F. (2010). Effects of Methamphetamine and Narcotics on the Increase of Libido and Reckless Sexual Behavior. http://www.sid.ir/En/Journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=198190
- Macdonald, P. T., Waldorf, D., Reinarman, C., & Murphy, S. (1988). Heavy cocaine use and sexual behavior. Journal of Drug Issues, 18(3), 437-455. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F002204268801800309
- Hyperosmia (medical dictionary) | https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/hyperosmia
- The Pharmacology of Actoprotectors: Practical Application for Improvement of Mental and Physical Performance (PubMed.gov / NCBI) | http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3762282/?report=classic
- Morozova, E., Yoo, Y., Behrouzvaziri, A., Zaretskaia, M., Rusyniak, D., Zaretsky, D., & Molkov, Y. (2016). Amphetamine enhances endurance by increasing heat dissipation. Physiological reports, 4(17). https://dx.doi.org/10.14814%2Fphy2.12955
- Psychedelics and extreme sports | https://www.maps.org/news-letters/v21n1/v21n1-25to29.pdf
- Stimulation (PsychologyDictionary) | https://psychologydictionary.org/stimulation/
- Stimulation definition | https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/stimulate
- Chapter 2—How Stimulants Affect the Brain and Behavior (Treatment for Stimulant Use Disorders) | https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64328/