3-FMA

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Summary sheet: 3-FMA
3-FMA
Molecular structure of 3-FMA
3-FMA.svg
Chemical Nomenclature
Common names 3-FMA
Substitutive name 3-Fluoromethamphetamine
Systematic name 1-(3-Fluorophenyl)-N-methylpropan-2-amine
Class Membership
Psychoactive class Stimulant
Chemical class Amphetamine
Routes of Administration

WARNING: Always start with lower doses due to differences between individual body weight, tolerance, metabolism, and personal sensitivity. See responsible use section.



Oral
Dosage
Threshold 5 - 10 mg
Light 10 - 20 mg
Common 20 - 35 mg
Strong 35 - 50 mg
Heavy 50 mg +
Duration
Total 3 - 7 hours
Onset 20 - 60 minutes
Come up 30 - 60 minutes
Peak 2 - 4 hours
Offset 1 - 3 hours
After effects 6 - 12 hours



Insufflated
Dosage
Threshold < 20 mg
Light 20 - 50 mg
Common 50 - 100 mg
Strong 100 - 150 mg
Heavy 150 mg +
Duration
Total 2 - 8 hours
Onset 2 - 10 minutes
Come up 10 - 30 minutes
Peak 1 - 6 hours
Offset 1 - 2 hours
After effects 2 - 12 hours






DISCLAIMER: PW's dosage information is gathered from users and resources for educational purposes only. It is not a recommendation and should be verified with other sources for accuracy.

3-Fluoromethamphetamine (also known as 3-FMA) is a novel synthetic ring-substituted fluorinated amphetamine compound that produces entactogenic and stimulant effects when administered. Following the introduction of 3-FEA, 3-FMA subsequently entered the designer drug market as a compound structurally related to a series of fluorinated substituted amphetamines that originally included compounds such as 2-FMA, 3-FA, 4-FMA, 4-FA.[1]

Like its parent compound 3-FA, the pharmacological, toxicological, and subjective effects of 3-FMA in humans have yet to be mapped out in detail. Early reports have so far characterized 3-FMA as a moderately potent serotonin-dominant triple monoamine releaser (or reuptake inhibitor) that produces a relatively short-lived balance of entactogenic and stimulant effects.[citation needed] Based on related compounds, it is not unreasonable to speculate that this compound possesses neurotoxic, cardiotoxic and other potential to-be-discovered toxic properties[citation needed], which is why extreme caution is advised.

3-FMA has an extremely short history of recreational use and has yet to be documented being sold on the streets. It has recently been made available for sale on the gray market as a research chemical through online vendors. The appearance of it as well as 3-FEA on the research chemicals market coincides with the increased efforts to control the popular entactogenic stimulant 4-FA.[citation needed]

Due to its potent psychostimulant effect, likely habit-forming properties as well as unknown toxicity profile, it is strongly recommended that one use proper harm reduction practices if choosing to use this substance.

Chemistry

3-FMA, or 3-fluoromethamphetamine, is a synthetic molecule of the amphetamine family. Molecules of the amphetamine family contain a phenethylamine core featuring a phenyl ring bound to an amino (NH2) group through an methyl chain with an additional methyl substitution at Rα (i.e. amphetamines are alpha-methylated phenethylamines). 3-FMA is the 3-position fluorinated analog methamphetamine; however, it is currently speculated to behave more in the manner of shorter-lived entactogenic stimulant. Additionally, is is also a positional isomer of 2-FMA and 4-FMA.

Pharmacology

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Although 3-FMA has not been formally studied on the same level as traditional amphetamines, it is currently assumed that like other substituted amphetamines with substitutions at similar positions, it most likely acts primarily as a triple releasing agent of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine.[citation needed]

Subjective effects

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As such, it may contain incomplete or wrong information and is still in progress.

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The effects listed below are based upon the subjective effects index and personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. The listed effects should be taken with a grain of salt and will rarely (if ever) occur all at once, but heavier doses will increase the chances and are more likely to induce a full range of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely on higher doses and may include serious injury or death. Early reports suggest 3-FMA has an effect profile that lies in between that of 4-FMA and 2-FMA, possessing both the functional properties of 2-FMA and the euphoric properties of 4-FMA. At lower doses, it has been reported to lean towards functional and productive use, while as one increases the dose, the euphoria becomes both more prevalent as well as distracting.[citation needed]


Physical effects
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After effects
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Cognitive effects
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Experience reports

Anecdotal reports which describe the effects of this compound within our experience index include:


Toxicity and harm potential

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As such, it may contain incomplete or even dangerously wrong information. You can help by expanding upon or correcting it.
We also recommend that you practice diligent independent research and the most thorough harm reduction practices when using this substance.

The toxicity and long-term health effects of human recreational 3-FMA use do not seem to have been studied in any scientific context and the exact toxic dosage is unknown. This is because 3-FMA has an extremely short history of human usage, becoming available only in mid-2017. Anecdotal evidence from people who have tried 3-FMA within the community suggests that there do not seem to be any negative health effects attributed to simply trying this drug at low to moderate doses by itself and using it sparingly (but nothing can be completely guaranteed).

Due to its putative serotonin-releasing and entactogenic properties, it is possible that 3-FMA may display excess activity at the 5-HT2b receptor, which, would make it cardiotoxic with long-term use as seen in other 5-HT2b agonists such as fenfluramine and MDMA.[citation needed]

It is perhaps worth noting that in the field of medicinal chemistry, the fluorine substitution is sometimes seen as desirable in central nervous system pharmaceutical agents, and is a common practice due to the corresponding increase in lipophilicity granted by the substitute.[2]

It is strongly recommended that one use harm reduction practices when using this drug.

Tolerance and addiction potential

Although it still remains to be seen, the chronic use of 3-FMA likely can be considered moderately addictive with a high potential for abuse and capable of causing psychological dependence among a certain population of users. When dependence or addiction has developed, cravings and withdrawal effects may occur if a person suddenly stops their usage.

Tolerance to many of the effects of 3-FMA develops with prolonged and repeated use. This results in users having to administer increasingly large doses to achieve the same effects. After that it takes about 3 - 7 days for the tolerance to be reduced to half and 1 - 10 days to be back at baseline (in the absence of further consumption). 3-FMA presents cross-tolerance with all dopaminergic and serotonergic stimulants and entactogens, meaning that after the consumption of 3-FMA all stimulants will have a reduced effect (including atypical stimulants one might not expect, like MDMA or amphetamine due to its reliance on dopamine and norepinephrine to exert its full euphoric effect).

Psychosis

Main article: Stimulant psychosis

Abuse of compounds within the amphetamine chemical class at high dosages for prolonged periods of time can potentially result in a stimulant psychosis that may present with a variety of symptoms (e.g., paranoia, hallucinations, or delusions).[3] A review on treatment for amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, and methamphetamine abuse-induced psychosis states that about 5–15% of users fail to recover completely.[4][5] The same review asserts that, based upon at least one trial, antipsychotic medications effectively resolve the symptoms of acute amphetamine psychosis.[6] Psychosis very rarely arises from therapeutic use.[7][8]

Dangerous interactions

Although many psychoactive substances are safe on their own, they can become dangerous and even life-threatening when combined with other substances. The list below contains some common potentially dangerous combinations, but may not include all of them. Certain combinations may be safe in low doses of each but still increase the potential risk of death. Independent research should always be done to ensure that a combination of two or more substances is safe before consumption.

Legal issues

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3-FMA is currently a grey area compound within all parts of the world, meaning its regulation lies in a legal grey area and that it is not known to be specifically illegal ("scheduled") within any country. However, people may still be charged for its possession under certain circumstances such as under analogue laws and with intent to sell or consume.

  • United States: 3-FMA may be considered an analogue of amphetamine under the Federal Analogue Act. The Federal Analogue Act, 21 U.S.C. § 813, is a section of the United States Controlled Substances Act, allowing any chemical "substantially similar" to an illegal drug (in Schedule I or II) to be treated as if it were also in Schedule I or II, but only if it is intended for human consumption.
  • United Kingdom: 3-FMA is considered a Class A drug as a result of the amphetamine analog clause of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.[10]
  • Canada: 3-FMA would be considered Schedule I as it is an analogue of Amphetamine.[11]
  • China - As of October 2015 3-FMA is a controlled substance in China.[12]
  • New Zealand: 3-FMA is an amphetamine analogue, so is a Schedule 3 controlled substance in New Zealand.[13]

See also

External links

References

  1. Quednow, B., Girreser, U., Junge, T., & Ro, P. (2005). Isomeric Fluoro-methoxy-phenylalkylamines: a new series of controlled-substance analogues (designer drugs), 148, 143–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.05.003
  2. Fluorine substituent effects (on bioactivity) | http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002211390100375X
  3. Treatment for amphetamine psychosis | [1]
  4. Treatment for amphetamine psychosis | [2]
  5. Hofmann FG (1983). A Handbook on Drug and Alcohol Abuse: The Biomedical Aspects (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p. 329. ISBN 9780195030570.
  6. Treatment for amphetamine psychosis | [3]
  7. Stimulant Misuse: Strategies to Manage a Growing Problem | http://www.acha.org/prof_dev/ADHD_docs/ADHD_PDprogram_Article2.pdf
  8. http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2013/021303s026lbl.pdf
  9. Gillman, P. K. (2005). Monoamine oxidase inhibitors, opioid analgesics and serotonin toxicity. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 95(4), 434-441. https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/aei210
  10. Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (Legislation.gov.uk) |http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1971/38/schedule/2/part/I
  11. Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (S.C. 1996, c. 19) |http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-38.8/page-12.html#h-28
  12. 关于印发《非药用类麻醉药品和精神药品列管办法》的通知 | http://www.sfda.gov.cn/WS01/CL0056/130753.html
  13. http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1975/0116/latest/whole.html#DLM436576