Talk:Selegiline

From PsychonautWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Yellow-warning-sign1.svg

This page has not been approved by the PsychonautWiki administrators.

It may contain incorrect information, particularly with respect to dosage, duration, subjective effects, toxicity and other risks.

Summary sheet: Selegiline
Selegiline
Selegiline.svg
Chemical Nomenclature
Common names Selegiline, Deprenyl
Systematic name N-Anisoyl-2-pyrrolidinone
Class Membership
Psychoactive class Nootropic
Chemical class Phenethylamine
Routes of Administration

WARNING: Always start with lower doses due to differences between individual body weight, tolerance, metabolism, and personal sensitivity. See responsible use section.



Oral
Dosage
Threshold 1 mg
Light 2 - 5 mg
Common 5 - 10 mg
Strong 10 - 30 mg
Heavy 30 mg +
Duration
Total 6 - 24 hours
Onset 30 - 60 minutes









DISCLAIMER: PW's dosage information is gathered from users and resources for educational purposes only. It is not a recommendation and should be verified with other sources for accuracy.

Selegiline is a drug mainly used for treatment of parkinson's disease and depression. In more recent years, it has been used as a nootropic drug.


History and culture

History icon.svg

This History and culture section is a stub.

As a result, it may contain incomplete or wrong information. You can help by expanding it.

Chemistry

Molecule.svg

This chemistry section is incomplete.

You can help by adding to it.

Selegiline is a phenethylamine

Pharmacology

Pill bottle-o.png

This pharmacology section is incomplete.

You can help by adding to it.

Selegiline is an irreversible selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). At higher doses, it loses its selectivity for MAO-B and starts inhibiting MAO-A as well.

MAO-B is the enzyme that converts dopamine to its neurotoxic metabolites. Preventing this process is the primary source of selegiline's neuroprotective effects. When MAO-B is inhibited, dopamine is metabolized through other pathways. This results in elevated dopamine levels (more time before it gets metabolized), and lower dopaminergic neurotoxicity (metabolism through pathways that don't create the toxic metabolites).

Selegiline can be administered in a variety of ways. With oral administration, selegiline creates amphetamine metabolites, namely l-amphetamine and l-methamphetamine. With buccal administration, thee amount of amphetamine metabolites is significantly diminished by skipping first-pass metabolism. It also appears that buccal administration is eight times more effective at inhibiting MAO-B than oral administration.[1]

It's not clear whether MAO-B is a necessary enzyme. Transgenic mice that are unable to produce MAO-B are shown to be resistant to a mouse model of Parkinson's disease. They also demonstrate increased responsiveness to stress (as with MAO-A knockout mice) and increased β-PEA. In addition, they exhibit behavioral disinhibition and reduced anxiety-like behaviors.

While people lacking the gene for MAO-A display mental retardation and behavioral abnormalities, people lacking the gene for MAO-B display no abnormalities except elevated phenethylamine levels in urine.

Inhibition of MAO-B in rats has been shown to prevent many age-related biological changes such as optic nerve degeneration, and extend average lifespan by up to 39%. This may be explained by a reduction in oxidative stress. Selegiline treatment seems to increase superoxide dismutase[2] levels. This may be an indirect effect of preventing dopamine metabolism through MAO-B, which creates reactive oxidative species. This reduced oxidative stress would make the body more effective at fighting other oxidative stress, by having fewer antioxidant enzymes depleted.

Subjective effects

Metacogghjgjvghnition.png
This subjective effects section is a stub.

As such, it is still in progress and may contain incomplete or wrong information.

You can help by expanding or correcting it.

Disclaimer: The effects listed below cite the Subjective Effect Index (SEI), a literature based on anecdotal reports and the personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. As a result, they should be treated with a healthy amount of skepticism. It is worth noting that these effects will not necessarily occur in a consistent or reliable manner, although higher doses are more likely to induce the full spectrum of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely with higher doses and may include serious injury or death.


Physical effects
Child.svg

Cognitive effects
User.svg

Experience reports

There are currently no anecdotal reports which describe the effects of this compound within our experience index. Additional experience reports can be found here:

Toxicity and harm potential

Ambulance2.png

This toxicity and harm potential section is a stub.

As such, it may contain incomplete or even dangerously wrong information. You can help by expanding or correcting it.
We also recommend that you conduct independent research and use harm reduction practices when using this substance.

It is strongly recommended that one use harm reduction practices when using this substance.

At therapeutic doses, selegiline is not dangerous. Most of the dangers of selegiline come from MAO-A inhibition, which can be prevented in two ways.

  1. Using low doses, such that selegiline remains selective to MAO-B
  2. Using selegiline buccally, such that monoamine oxidase is not inhibited in the gut

MAO-A inhibition is dangerous when combined with specific foods, such as those high in tyramine (e.g. cheese). For this reason, keeping MAO inhibition out of the digestive tract, and keeping it selective to MAO-B prevents most of the dangers.

Lethal dosage

Tolerance and addiction potential

Dangerous interactions

Ambulance2.png

This dangerous interactions section is a stub.

As such, it may contain incomplete or invalid information. You can help by expanding upon or correcting it.

Although many psychoactive substances are reasonably safe to use on their own, they can quickly become dangerous or even life-threatening when combined with other substances. The list below includes some known dangerous combinations (although it cannot be guaranteed to include all of them). Independent research (e.g. Google, DuckDuckGo) should always be conducted to ensure that a combination of two or more substances is safe to consume. Some interactions listed have been sourced from TripSit. Combinations with the following substances can cause dangerously high serotonin levels. Serotonin syndrome requires immediate medical attention and can be fatal if left untreated.

Legal status

Handcuffs-300px.png

This legality section is a stub.

As such, it may contain incomplete or wrong information. You can help by expanding it.

See also

External links

Literature

  • APA formatted reference

Please see the citation formatting guide if you need assistance properly formatting citations.

References