Talk:Fasoracetam

From PsychonautWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Yellow-warning-sign1.svg

This page has not been approved by the PsychonautWiki administrators.

It may contain incorrect information, particularly with respect to dosage, duration, subjective effects, toxicity and other risks.

Summary sheet: Fasoracetam
Fasoracetam
Fasoracetam.svg
Chemical Nomenclature
Common names Fasoracetam, NS-105, LAM-105, NFC-1,
Systematic name (5R)-5-(Piperidine-1-carbonyl)pyrrolidin-2-one
Class Membership
Psychoactive class Nootropic
Chemical class Racetam / Piperidine
Routes of Administration

WARNING: Always start with lower doses due to differences between individual body weight, tolerance, metabolism, and personal sensitivity. See responsible use section.



Oral
Dosage
Threshold x - x mg
Light x - x mg
Common x - x mg
Strong x - x mg
Heavy x mg +
Duration
Total 4 - 8 hours









DISCLAIMER: PW's dosage information is gathered from users and resources for educational purposes only. It is not a recommendation and should be verified with other sources for accuracy.


Fasoracetam (NS-105, NFC-1) is a nootropic agent belonging to the racetam family of drugs.[1][2] Although it is one of the first known and synthesized derivatives of piracetam, its research and efficacy in humans is limited.

Fasoracetam upregulates GABA receptors and may also be beneficial for ADHD either alone or in combination with stimulant medication.

Anecdotal reports of fasoracetam supplementation for nootropic purposes range from 20-100mg/day[3][4] while clinical trials have used doses up to 800mg/day (400mg BID) for the treatment of ADHD in adolescents with glutamate hypofunction due to mGluR mutations.[5]

Fasoracetam has demonstrated antiamnesic properties in animal models.[6]

Chemistry

Fasoracetam is a pyrrolidinone compound of the racetam family.

Pharmacology

Fasoracetam modulates cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) activity via activation of metabotropic glumate receptors (mGlu). It appears to have activity at all three subclasses of mGlu receptors, with group I activation exhibiting a facilitatory effect, and groups II and III an inhibitory effect on cAMP.[7]

Fasoracetam is thought to increase acetylcholine release within hippocampal cells.[8] As acetycholine is involved in the function of memory, this could potentially account for its nootropic effects.

In addition, fasoracetam upregulates GABA-B receptors in rats,[9] but does not appear to affect dopamine, serotonin or norepinephrine.[10][11]

Subjective effects

In comparison to the effects of other racetam nootropics such as noopept, this compound can be described as focusing primarily on physical stimulation over that of cognitive stimulation. Disclaimer: The effects listed below are taken from the subjective effect index, which is based on anecdotal reports and the personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. As a result, they should be treated with a healthy degree of skepticism. It is worth noting that these effects will rarely (if ever) occur all at once, although higher doses will increase the chances of inducing a full range of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely on higher doses and may include serious injury or death.

Physical effects
Child.svg

Sensory effects
Gears.svg

Cognitive effects
User.svg


Toxicity and harm potential

In one clinical trial[12], fasoracetam appeared to be well-tolerated at doses up to 800mg/day, however, the subjects were identified as possibly having glutamate hypofunction as a result of mutations in genes encoding variants of the metabotropic glutamate receptor.

One case report exists of an overdose consisting of a large dose of phenibut (10g) in combination with an unknown quantity of fasoracetam. Patient was found unconscious on the sidewalk and bradycardia (slowed heartbeat) was noted at the hospital, requiring the use of subcutaneous pacing pads. The patient recovered from the physical symptoms and was referred to a psychiatric unit for evaluation and treatment of an underlying condition. The case report notes that bradycardia is not typically reported in phenibut overdose and could possibly be related to fasoracetam.[13]

Lethal dosage

The median lethal dosage (LD50) of fasoracetam was reported as 300mg/kg in mice and 980mg/kg in rats.[14]

Tolerance and addiction potential

This substance has little history of human use. While tolerance and addiction or physical dependence have not been reported, the data on long-term use is lacking.

Legal issues

Handcuffs-300px.png

This legality section is a stub.

As such, it may contain incomplete or wrong information. You can help by expanding it.

See also

External links

References