Galantamine

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Summary sheet: Galantamine
Galantamine
Galantamine.svg
Chemical Nomenclature
Common names Galantamine
Systematic name (4aS,6R,8aS)-5,6,9,10,11,12-Hexahydro-3-methoxy-11-methyl-4aH-[1]benzofuro[3a,3,2-ef][2]benzazepin-6-ol
Class Membership
Psychoactive class Sedative, Oneirogen
Chemical class Benzazepine
Routes of Administration

WARNING: Always start with lower doses due to differences between individual body weight, tolerance, metabolism, and personal sensitivity. See responsible use section.



Oral
Dosage
Bioavailability 90%[1]
Threshold 1 - 4 mg
Light 4 - 8 mg
Common 8 - 16 mg
Strong 16 - 24 mg
Heavy 24 mg +
Duration
Total 6 - 12 hours
Onset 20 - 60 minutes









DISCLAIMER: PW's dosage information is gathered from users and resources for educational purposes only. It is not a recommendation and should be verified with other sources for accuracy.

Interactions


Galantamine (also known as Nivalin, Razadyne, Razadyne ER, Reminyl, and Lycoremine) is a water soluble, reversible, competitive acetylcholinesterase inhibitor that functions as a dream potentiator. It is an alkaloid that is obtained either synthetically, or from the bulbs and flowers of Galanthus caucasicus, Galanthus woronowii and related genera.[2] It is also available in both a prescription form and as an over-the-counter supplement.

Studies of usage in modern medicine began in the Soviet Union in the 1950s by Soviet pharmacologists M. D. Mashkovsky and R. P. Kruglikova–Lvova.[3] The active ingredient was extracted, identified, and studied, particularly in relation to its mechanism of action. Galantamine has been used for decades in Eastern Europe and Russia for the treatment of various conditions such as myasthenia, myopathy, and sensory and motor dysfunction associated with disorders of the central nervous system. In the United States, it is FDA approved for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.[4]

More recently, galantamine has been popularized in supplement groups for its ability to improve dream recall and facilitate lucid dreaming. It is commonly recommended to be taken 30 minutes to one hour before bed.

Chemistry

Galantamine is a complex alkaloid that is found endogenously in certain plants and synthesized for medical use. It is comprised of a fusion between a methoxy substituted benzene ring to a hydrogenated and methylated azepine ring along with a hydroxylated benzofuran group.

Pharmacology

Galantamine, a tertiary alkaloid, is a competitive and reversible inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase. Is postulated to exert its therapeutic effect by enhancing cholinergic function. This is accomplished by increasing the concentration of acetylcholine through inhibiting acetylcholinesterase, a neurochemical responsible for breaking down acetylcholine. Higher concentrations of acetylcholine have also been linked to higher levels of cognition and focus.

Subjective effects

Disclaimer: The effects listed below are taken from the subjective effect index, which is based on anecdotal reports and the personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. As a result, they should be treated with a healthy degree of skepticism. It is worth noting that these effects will rarely (if ever) occur all at once, although higher doses will increase the chances of inducing a full range of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely on higher doses and may include serious injury or death.

Physical effects
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Visual effects
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Experience reports

There are currently no anecdotal reports which describe the effects of this compound within our experience index. Additional experience reports can be found here:

Toxicity and harm potential

Galantamine is non-addictive, is not known to cause harm in reasonable doses, and has an extremely low toxicity relative to dose. Various studies have shown that in reasonable doses in a careful context, it presents few negative cognitive, psychiatric or toxic physical consequences, though some exist.

It is strongly recommended that one be familiar with harm reduction practices when using this drug.

Tolerance and addiction potential

Galantamine is not known to be not habit-forming and the desire to use it can actually decrease with use. It is most often self-regulating.

Galantamine does not seem to build up an immediate tolerance, and, due to its long half life, becomes stronger with prolonged use. Caution should be heeded when taking galantamine for extended periods longer than two weeks. Galantamine presents cross-tolerance with no other known compounds, meaning that after the consumption of Galantamine all other psychoactive compounds will not have a reduced effect.

Legal issues

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This legality section is a stub.

As such, it may contain incomplete or wrong information. You can help by expanding it.

  • Germany: Galantamine is a prescription medicine, according to Anlage 1 AMVV.[5]

See also

External links

References