Euphoria

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Euphoria (semantically opposite of dysphoria) is medically recognized as a mental and emotional condition in which a person experiences intense feelings of well-being, elation, happiness, excitement and joy.[1] In the context of drug use, however, it can be split into two distinct states. These are listed below:

Physical euphoria

Main article: Physical euphoria

Physical euphoria is an effect which exists in contrast to cognitive euphoria but usually occurs simultaneously along side of it. It can be described as feelings of physical pleasure and comfort within and across the body. The forcefulness of this effect can range between subtle in its strength to overwhelmingly pleasurable beyond even the most intense full body orgasm possible.

This effect occurs consistently under the influence of certain substances, these commonly include opioids such as heroin or codeine and stimulants such as amphetamine and MDMA.

Cognitive euphoria

Main article: Cognitive euphoria

Cognitive euphoria (semantically the opposite of cognitive dysphoria) is medically recognized as a cognitive and emotional state in which a person experiences intense feelings of well-being, elation, happiness, excitement, and joy.[2] Although euphoria is an effect,[3] the term is also used colloquially to define a state of transcendent happiness combined with an intense sense of contentment. It has also been defined as an "affective state of exaggerated well-being or elation."[4]

In the context of psychoactive substance usage, many compounds induce states of euphoria regardless of the person's previous emotional state. It is most commonly induced under the influence of opioids, entactogens, stimulants, and GABAergics. However, it can also be induced in a less consistent fashion under the influence of hallucinogenics compounds such as psychedelics, dissociatives, and cannabinoids

See also

References

  1. https://web.archive.org/web/20131113054709/http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/sym/euphoria.htm
  2. Rightdiagnosis Euphoria - http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/sym/euphoria.htm
  3. Key DSM-IV Mental Status Exam Phrases - https://www.gatewaypsychiatric.com/key-dsm-iv-mental-status-exam-phrases
  4. A Dictionary of Psychology in Politics & Social Sciences) Oxford | http://www.oxfordreference.com/search?q=euphoria&searchBtn=Search&isQuickSearch=true