Visual enhancements

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Visual enhancements are defined as any subjective effect which improves one's ability to perceive the external environment through their sense of sight.

This page lists and describes the various visual effects which can occur under the influence of certain psychoactive compounds.

Acuity enhancement

Main article: Acuity enhancement
Visual acuity enhancement by StingrayZ - This animation serves as a replication of visual acuity enhancement, which is a common psychedelic effect. It demonstrates the general differences between normal vision and acuity enhancement by shifting between the two states. There is also a subtle amount of visual drifting within this replication.

Acuity enhancement is defined as a heightening of the clearness and clarity of vision. This results in the visual details of the external environment becoming sharpened to the point where the edges of objects become perceived as extremely focused, clear, and defined. The experience of acuity enhancement can be likened to bringing a camera or projector lens that was slightly blurry into focus. At its highest level, a person may experience the ability to observe and comprehend their entire visual field simultaneously, including their peripheral vision. This is in contrast to the default sober state where a person is only able to perceive the small area of central vision in detail.[1]

While under the influence of this effect, it is common for people to suddenly notice patterns and details in the environment they may have never previously noticed or appreciated. For example, the complexity and perceived beauty of the visual input often become apparent when looking at sceneries, nature, and everyday textures.

Acuity enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as color enhancement and pattern recognition enhancement.[2][3] It is most commonly induced under the influence of mild dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline. However, it can also occur to a lesser extent under the influence of certain stimulants and dissociatives such as MDMA or 3-MeO-PCP.

Image examples

 Caption
Mescaline
2C-T-21
Experience: 36mg 4-AcO-DiPT - Truly, one for the psychedelic animals among us
MDAI
Psilocybin mushrooms
Memantine
DOM
Βk-2C-B
Ibogaine
Experience:3 Grams of Mushrooms - Reset on my Life, Experiencing Satori and the Cosmic Perspective
LSD
25C-NBOMe
2C-I
Towel.jpgTowel by Chelsea Morgan
Phenethylamine (compound)
Bromo-DragonFLY
Experience:4.5g - The Grand Introduction to Beauty and Fear
PARGY-LAD
2C-T-7
Experience:60mg 4-AcO-DMT Nonstop Quasi-Orgasmic Objectless Euphoria
DET
Psilocin
Proscaline
LSZ
Experience:337mg DMT fumarate - A Day With DMT
Experience:300µg LSD - Togetherness and the Silent Dusk
Experience:LSD (120ug) - An Overdose of LSD and Trip into Insanity
25I-NBOMe
Experience:BK-2C-B - Various experiences
Experience:25mg 3-MeO-PCP - Enhanced film experience
Desoxypipradrol
1P-LSD
4-HO-DET
Oxiracetam
4-HO-DiPT
Aniracetam
25C-NBOH
Experience: 15mg 2C-B (oral) - A pleasant low-dose evening with Nexus
Coluracetam
Ayahuasca
2C-P
MiPLA
25I-NBOH
DOI
3,4-CTMP
Omberacetam
Lisdexamfetamine
Amanita muscaria
DPT
Experience:3.5g psilocybe cubensis - Relinquishing of Material Chains/Fear and Desolation
Citicoline
4-HO-EPT
Experience:3 drops of cinnamon bark oil/ 5 drops of german chamomile oil/ 2mL of nutmeg oil in lecithin - experiments with nutmeg oil
4-HO-MPT
MiPT
2C-E
Experience:800 seeds LSA - My First Trip Ever
25B-NBOH
5-MeO-DMT
MPT
Experience:40mg - Brothermind and the Forest's Hand
2C-D
3-MeO-PCE
TMA-2
4-HO-DPT
4-AcO-DET
3-MeO-PCP
LSM-775
MET
4-AcO-MET
2C-T-2
5-MeO-DiBF
Allylescaline
Experience:Mushrooms and Snuff Films -- Trip Report (3.5 grams)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
5-MeO-DiPT
Piracetam
Experience:4x 200ug tabs - You do not need to understand
Experience:2mg 25C-NBOMe - Experimental trip to test personal limits of NBOMes
2C-B-FLY
Experience:2.5g Mushrooms + 500mg DMT
4-AcO-DiPT
4-AcO-MiPT
PRO-LAD
ΑMT
Experience:26mg - Stage 3 Trip
5-MeO-DALT
Experience:5.3g psilocybe cubensis - Dimensional Circumstance and the Fabric of Understanding
25B-NBOMe
TMA-6
Experience:LSA (20 HWBR seeds) – A pleasant adventure with a harsh body load
Experience:150mg MDMA + 20mg 2C-B - I designed it this way myself
Phenylpiracetam
4-AcO-DMT
Experience: 1.5g Psilocybe Cubensis - Analysis of body and mind
1B-LSD
25N-NBOMe
Experience:3g mimosa / 3g syrian rue - Connecting with my body
ETH-LAD
Experience:20mg - I looked up and saw an angry god-like figure made of clouds glaring down at me
4-HO-MET
25D-NBOMe
DOC
5-MeO-MiPT
2-Aminoindane
3C-E
1P-ETH-LAD
Moss on tree bark.jpgMoss on tree Bark by Chelsea Morgan
AL-LAD
2C-C
Tree Bark.jpgTree Bark by Chelsea Morgan
DMT
4-HO-MiPT
MDA
Pramiracetam
2C-B
Methallylescaline
DOB
Escaline
5-MAPB
Efavirenz
LSA
Experience: 5-EAPB (60mg) + 2-FMA (20mg) + 4-AcO-DMT (10mg) - Emotional catharsis
ALD-52

Colour enhancement

Main article: Colour enhancement

Colour enhancement is defined as an intensification of the brightness and vividness of colors in the external environment. During this experience, reds may seem “redder”, greens may seem “greener", and all colors will likely appear much more distinct, complex, and visually intense than they comparatively would be during everyday sober living.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] At higher levels, this effect can sometimes result in seeing colours which are perceived as surreal or seemingly impossible.[4][5]

Colour enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and pattern recognition enhancement.[2][3] It is most commonly induced under the influence of mild dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline. However, it can also occur to a lesser extent under the influence of certain stimulants and dissociatives such as MDMA, ketamine[10], or 3-MeO-PCP.

Image examples

 Caption
Experience:2 tabs DOB - My DOB Nightmare
6-APB
4-AcO-DET
Bufotenin
Ayahuasca
THJ-2201
Proscaline
DOM
1B-LSD
2C-B
Experience:4-HO-MiPT / A care free psychedelic getaway
EPT
Experience:Mushrooms and Snuff Films -- Trip Report (3.5 grams)
Experience:BK-2C-B - Various experiences
Paradise island by Xanny.jpgParadise island by Subsentience
25N-NBOMe
Chameleon.jpgChameleon by Anonymous.
Experience:225mg Pregabalin +Cannabis -Bliss and Serenity; a hedonistic evening
25C-NBOH
Enhancement of colours - woods.jpgThe Woods by Chelsea Morgan
TMA-2
2C-T-21
2C-B-FLY
Amanita muscaria
Experience:300µg LSD - Togetherness and the Silent Dusk
DOB
Ibogaine
Chur City in Switzerland.jpgChur, Switzerland by Naps284
DiPT
4-AcO-DMT
2C-E
Cannabis
4-HO-EPT
Experience:1000 Morning Glory seeds - Rediscovering the Self
PARGY-LAD
Omberacetam
Experience:225ug LSD + 9g cubensis - Galactic Melt and the Meverse
2C-T-2
Experience:150mg MDMA + 20mg 2C-B - I designed it this way myself
25I-NBOH
THJ-018
MDMA
MET
DMT
Experience:3g mimosa / 3g syrian rue - Connecting with my body
ALD-52
Experience:300µg AL-LAD - Don't worry, because you're everyone!
Experience:4.5g - The Grand Introduction to Beauty and Fear
3C-E
Experience:2.5g Syrian rue + 6g Mimosa Hostilis - Becoming God (my second experience with unity)
Experience:250mg DXM - DXM Itch and Trip Report
Experience:800 seeds LSA - My First Trip Ever
2C-I
Escaline
ΑMT
Experience:3 Grams of Mushrooms - Reset on my Life, Experiencing Satori and the Cosmic Perspective
MPT
4-HO-DiPT
4-HO-MET
GABAergic hallucinogens
DET
DOC
2C-C
Experience: 15mg 2C-B (oral) - A pleasant low-dose evening with Nexus
4-HO-MPT
25C-NBOMe
Allylescaline
Tree.jpgJapanese Garden by Anonymous
Experience:25mg 3-MeO-PCP - Enhanced film experience
Experience: 5-EAPB (60mg) + 2-FMA (20mg) + 4-AcO-DMT (10mg) - Emotional catharsis
Experience:4x 200ug tabs - You do not need to understand
Oxiracetam
Efavirenz
Experience:25mg Deschloroketamine - My first time orally dosing DCK
Experience: 36mg 4-AcO-DiPT - Truly, one for the psychedelic animals among us
TMA-6
Experience:1mg 25c-NBOMe - Experiment in my room
4-HO-DPT
Psilocybin mushrooms
Aniracetam
3-MMC
Memantine
1P-ETH-LAD
Experience:300mg DXM + 25mg DMT + Cannabis - A crazy night
DOI
Enhancement of colour rose.jpgRose by Chelsea Morgan
Enhancementofcolour.jpgShowing differences by Chelsea Morgan
5F-PB-22
3-MeO-PCE
2C-T-7
4-HO-MiPT
Experience:75mg 3-FMA - Perfect Blend of Euphoria and Functionality
Coluracetam
Experience:3-MeO-PCP - Extreme psychosis
25D-NBOMe
5-MeO-DiPT
Psilocin
2C-D
4-HO-DET
LSM-775
DPT
LSZ
Experience:5.3g psilocybe cubensis - Dimensional Circumstance and the Fabric of Understanding
Phenylpiracetam
JWH-018
Experience: 22mg 2C-B (oral) / 100ug 1P-LSD (sublingual) - My first time tripping alone (2 days in a row)
Methallylescaline
Bromo-DragonFLY
Experience:2C-P (approx. 35mg) - Asymmetrical Terror and the Geometric Sea
5-Hydroxytryptophan
Pramiracetam
5-MeO-DiBF
LSA
ETH-LAD
Experience:Unknown Dose DOC (Insufflated) - Overdosing and Terifying Ego Death
4-AcO-MET
MiPT
AL-LAD
Experience:3.5g psilocybe cubensis - Relinquishing of Material Chains/Fear and Desolation
MiPLA
MDEA
4-AcO-DiPT
LSD
5-MeO-DALT
Experience:337mg DMT fumarate - A Day With DMT
5-MeO-MiPT
6-APDB
JWH-073
Phenethylamine (compound)
Piracetam
MDA
Experience:Unknown dosage / 1 tab DOC - Psychedelia Turned Into Stimulant Psychosis
Experience:60mg 4-AcO-DMT Nonstop Quasi-Orgasmic Objectless Euphoria
25B-NBOMe
25B-NBOH
Βk-2C-B
Experience:120mg - Garden of The Gods
MDAI
2C-P
Experience:40mg - Brothermind and the Forest's Hand
1P-LSD
2C-H
Experience:A combination of DOC, 5-MAPB, 5-MeO-DMT, ETH-LAD, Cannabis, Pentedrone
PRO-LAD
Mescaline
25I-NBOMe
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
Pregabalin
4-FA
4-AcO-MiPT

Frame rate enhancement

Visual Processing Acceleration is defined as an increase in the speed at which a person can perceive and interpret rapidly occurring events. It is most commonly experienced during events which are felt to be either dangerous, intense, or highly novel.[11][12][13][14] The effect gives the appearance that the external environment is being viewed in slow motion and that brief moments of time have been "stretched out". For example, fast moving objects such as birds, insects, and cars may begin to present themselves as clearly viewable instead of as fleeting blurs of motion, as they may during every day sobriety.

In terms of its intensity, this effect usually manifests subtly, only slightly slowing down a person's perception of motion. However, in rare cases, this effect can temporarily slow the visual perception of time to a near stand-still, causing events to appear dramatically slower.

Visual processing acceleration is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and thought acceleration. It is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline.

Magnification

Main article: Magnification
Magnification by StingrayZ - This is an animated example of the common psychedelic visual effect known as magnification. There is also a significant amount of visual drifting present within the animation.

Magnification is defined as the experience of distant details within one's visual field appearing closer and more "zoomed in" than they actually are due to both visual enhancements and hallucinatory effects.[15] This can give the perception that one is seeing objects from greater distances than is usually possible within everyday life.

At its lower levels, this can allow people to see nearby objects (such as within reaching distance) as much closer than they really are, resulting in the perception that their visual capabilities have been enhanced.[15] At its higher levels, this can induce the perception of seeing distant objects as if they were right in front of the user despite their distance. These distances can range from several feet to hundreds of meters. Since this is most likely a physiological impossibility, it suggests that higher level magnification may actually be a seamless hallucinatory state in which the details of distant visual input are predictively simulated in a realistic and convincing manner.

It's worth noting that this effect is considerably more likely to occur if a person spends extended periods of time staring at an object or scene within the distance.

Magnification is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and pattern recognition enhancement. It is a rare effect that is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline.

Pattern recognition enhancement

Face in a cloud by Neil Usher - This image serves as an example of pattern recognition enhancement.

Pattern recognition enhancement is defined as an increase in a person's ability and tendency to recognize patterns (usually faces) within vague stimuli.

This innate ability which human beings possess in everyday life is referred to by the scientific literature as pareidolia and is a well documented phenomenon.[16][17][18] Common examples of this include spotting faces in everyday objects, such as the front of a car, or seeing different objects in clouds.[8]

During this effect, pareidolia can be significantly more pronounced than it would usually be during a sober state.[19] For example, remarkably detailed images may appear embedded in scenery, everyday objects may look like faces, and clouds may appear as fantastical objects, all without any visual alterations taking place. Once an image has been perceived within an object or landscape, the mind may further exaggerate this recognition through the hallucinatory effect known as transformations, which goes beyond pareidolia and becomes a standard visual hallucination.

Pattern recognition enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and colour enhancement.[2][3] It is most commonly induced under the influence of mild dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline.

Image examples

 Caption
Experience:1000 Morning Glory seeds - Rediscovering the Self
DMT
2C-T-21
4-HO-EPT
Opticalillusion1.jpgOptical illusion by Oleg Shuplyak
DOB
2C-B
1P-ETH-LAD
4-HO-MET
Ayahuasca
EPT
MDA
Experience:2mg 25C-NBOMe - Experimental trip to test personal limits of NBOMes
4-HO-DET
Efavirenz
DPT
Experience: 80mg EPT - Slight improvement
LSZ
Experience:250 seeds - Harsh body load
DOM
Experience:2C-P (approx. 35mg) - Asymmetrical Terror and the Geometric Sea
DET
25C-NBOH
Experience:4.5g - The Grand Introduction to Beauty and Fear
Escaline
Psilocybin mushrooms
Faceincloud.jpgFace in a cloud by Neil Usher
MET
LSM-775
5-MeO-MiPT
Bromo-DragonFLY
4-AcO-MET
The Forest Has Eyes.jpgThe Forest Has Eyes by Bev Doolittle
2C-T-7
4-FA
Ibogaine
Experience: 22mg 2C-B (oral) / 100ug 1P-LSD (sublingual) - My first time tripping alone (2 days in a row)
1B-LSD
Smiley face.jpgSmile in tree bark by Chelsea Morgan
4-HO-DPT
Experience:BK-2C-B - Various experiences
Experience:150mg MDMA + 20mg 2C-B - I designed it this way myself
DOC
Experience:300µg LSD - Togetherness and the Silent Dusk
25B-NBOH
Experience:3 Grams of Mushrooms - Reset on my Life, Experiencing Satori and the Cosmic Perspective
MiPT
Skullflower.jpgSkullflower by Anonymous
PRO-LAD
Experience:25mg - A labyrinth of organs and a storybook walk
MiPLA
25I-NBOH
4-AcO-DMT
Proscaline
2C-P
2C-C
4-HO-MPT
TMA-6
Experience:20mg - I looked up and saw an angry god-like figure made of clouds glaring down at me
25C-NBOMe
25D-NBOMe
2C-I
Storm-face.jpgFace within a cloud by Denis Farmer
Experience:40mg - Brothermind and the Forest's Hand
2C-T-2
PARGY-LAD
Methallylescaline
4-HO-DiPT
ΑMT
2C-B-FLY
MPT
ALD-52
Allylescaline
LSD
Squinting rooftop.jpgSquinting eyes on a roof top by Anonymous
Experience:Unknown dosage / 3 tabs - Ego death and a total break through in the snow
1P-LSD
Experience: 15mg 2C-B (oral) - A pleasant low-dose evening with Nexus
25B-NBOMe
25N-NBOMe
AL-LAD
Absents of the mermaid.jpgAbsents of the mermaid by Octavio Ocampo
Experience:3.5g psilocybe cubensis - Relinquishing of Material Chains/Fear and Desolation
Experience:0.75g MDMA - Possibly some MDA through metabolisation?
3-MMC
Experience:20mg (insufflated) - permanent all-encompassing states of unity and interconnectedness
6-APDB
5-MeO-DiBF
5-MeO-DiPT
LSA
DOI
2C-E
Experience:120µg LSD - First Bad Acid Trip, Psychosis
Eye.jpgEye of the tower by Davide Lombardi
MDMA
TMA-2
3C-E
4-AcO-MiPT
Experience:5g Mushrooms - Failed attempt at a Terence Mckenna style trip.
Face within tree bark.jpgFace within tree bark by Bev Doolittle
Shuplyak faces 10.jpgOptical illusion by Oleg Shuplyak
4-AcO-DET
Experience: 200µg 1P-LSD (sublingual) + 12mg CBD - The Vortex of Empathy
ETH-LAD
Psilocin
25I-NBOMe
Experience:Unknown dosage / 1 tab DOC - Psychedelia Turned Into Stimulant Psychosis
Experience:Mushrooms and Snuff Films -- Trip Report (3.5 grams)
6-APB
5-MeO-DALT
Harmala alkaloid
MDEA
2C-D
4-HO-MiPT
Βk-2C-B
Mescaline


See also

References

  1. Sardegna, Jill; Shelly, Susan; Rutzen, Allan Richard; Scott M Steidl (2002). The Encyclopedia of Blindness and Vision Impairment. Infobase Publishing. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-8160-6623-0. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Papoutsis, Ioannis; Nikolaou, Panagiota; Stefanidou, Maria; Spiliopoulou, Chara; Athanaselis, Sotiris (2014). "25B-NBOMe and its precursor 2C-B: modern trends and hidden dangers". Forensic Toxicology. 33 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1007/s11419-014-0242-9. ISSN 1860-8965. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Bersani, Francesco Saverio; Corazza, Ornella; Albano, Gabriella; Valeriani, Giuseppe; Santacroce, Rita; Bolzan Mariotti Posocco, Flaminia; Cinosi, Eduardo; Simonato, Pierluigi; Martinotti, Giovanni; Bersani, Giuseppe; Schifano, Fabrizio (2014). "25C-NBOMe: Preliminary Data on Pharmacology, Psychoactive Effects, and Toxicity of a New Potent and Dangerous Hallucinogenic Drug". BioMed Research International. 2014: 1–6. doi:10.1155/2014/734749. ISSN 2314-6133. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Hartman, Alan M.; Hollister, Leo E. (1963). "Effect of mescaline, lysergic acid diethylamide and psilocybin on color perception". Psychopharmacologia. 4 (6): 441–451. doi:10.1007/BF00403349. ISSN 0033-3158. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kleinman, J. E.; Gillin, J. C.; Wyatt, R. J. (1977). "A Comparison of the Phenomenology of Hallucinogens and Schizophrenia From Some Autobiographical Accounts*". Schizophrenia Bulletin. 3 (4): 560–586. doi:10.1093/schbul/3.4.560. ISSN 0586-7614. 
  6. . doi:10.3389/Ffnhum.2015.00346.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. Obreshkova, D., Kandilarov, I., Angelova, V. T., Iliev, Y., Atanasov, P., & Fotev, P. S. (2017). PHARMACO-TOXICOLOGICAL ASPECTS AND ANALYSIS OF PHENYLALKYLAMINE AND INDOLYLALKYLAMINE HALLUCINOGENS (REVIEW). PHARMACIA, 64(1), 41-42. http://bsphs.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Angelova.pdf
  8. 8.0 8.1 Abraham, Henry David (1983). "Visual Phenomenology of the LSD Flashback". Archives of General Psychiatry. 40 (8): 884. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1983.01790070074009. ISSN 0003-990X. 
  9. Baggott, M.J.; Coyle, J.R.; Erowid, E.; Erowid, F.; Robertson, L.C. (2011). "Abnormal visual experiences in individuals with histories of hallucinogen use: A web-based questionnaire". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 114 (1): 61–67. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.09.006. ISSN 0376-8716. 
  10. Dillon, P (2003). "Patterns of use and harms associated with non-medical ketamine use". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 69 (1): 23–28. doi:10.1016/S0376-8716(02)00243-0. ISSN 0376-8716. 
  11. Time Really Does Seem to Slow Down for Athletes (Gizmodo) | https://gizmodo.com/5940562/time-really-does-seem-to-slow-down-for-athletes
  12. Wittmann, Marc; Leland, David S.; Churan, Jan; Paulus, Martin P. (2007). "Impaired time perception and motor timing in stimulant-dependent subjects". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 90 (2-3): 183–192. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.03.005. ISSN 0376-8716. 
  13. Arstila, Valtteri (2012). "Time Slows Down during Accidents". Frontiers in Psychology. 3. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00196. ISSN 1664-1078. 
  14. Burr, David; Stetson, Chess; Fiesta, Matthew P.; Eagleman, David M. (2007). "Does Time Really Slow Down during a Frightening Event?". PLoS ONE. 2 (12): e1295. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001295. ISSN 1932-6203. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Fischer, Roland; Hill, Richard; Thatcher, Karen; Scheib, James (1970). "Psilocybin-induced contraction of nearby visual space". Agents and Actions. 1 (4): 190–197. doi:10.1007/BF01965761. ISSN 0065-4299. 
  16. Liu, Jiangang; Li, Jun; Feng, Lu; Li, Ling; Tian, Jie; Lee, Kang (2014). "Seeing Jesus in toast: Neural and behavioral correlates of face pareidolia". Cortex. 53: 60–77. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2014.01.013. ISSN 0010-9452. 
  17. Hadjikhani, Nouchine; Kato, Masaharu; Mugitani, Ryoko (2015). "Pareidolia in Infants". PLOS ONE. 10 (2): e0118539. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118539. ISSN 1932-6203. 
  18. Coolidge, F. L., & Coolidge, M. L. (2016, August 09). Why People See Faces When There Are None: Pareidolia. Retrieved February 21, 2018, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/how-think-neandertal/201608/why-people-see-faces-when-there-are-none-pareidolia
  19. Halberstadt, Adam L. (2015). "Recent advances in the neuropsychopharmacology of serotonergic hallucinogens". Behavioural Brain Research. 277: 99–120. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2014.07.016. ISSN 0166-4328.