UserWiki:David Hedlund/Talk:List of substances used in rituals - Non-psychoactive
Disclaimer: Salvia apiana and Bursera fagaroides do not contain any psychoactive substances at all, they are solely used for ritualistic purpose while Aztec tobacco, Morning glories, and Syrian rue (all listed in the #Psychoactive_use table), and Cacao Beans (mild) are psychoactive when consumed.
The sagewisdombotanicals.com cites must be replaced.
|Common name||Specie||Regions/Cultures of use|
|Aztec tobacco||Nicotiana rustica||"Mapacho (which strictly speaking describes a cigar sized paper cigarette) is used most commonly to clear the energy field of a person seeking balance and realignment. During this process the curandero is very likely using it as a tool for diagnosis too. If it burns unevenly it indicates that there’s an imbalance in that area and smoke will continue to be blown there until balance in the Mapacho (and the person’s energy field) is restored. The completion of this process leaves the person sellado, sealed, which is a good state to be in before an Ayahuasca ceremony begins."|
|Cacao Beans||Theobroma cacao||"Cocao beans are one of the most important ritual offering used by the Mazatecs. The beans are usually present on their altars, and sometimes they are ritually consumed during ceremonies. Many shamans leave an offering of cacao beans near their Salvia divinorum plants when they harvest the leaves."|
|Ceremonial Copal Resin||Bursera fagaroides||"SIMILAR to frankincense and myrrh, the hardened tears of copal resin are utilized as an incense. This is the most important ceremonial incense used by the Mazatecs. A few pieces of copal are placed on top of chunks of hot charcoal. The heat of the charcoal causes the resin to melt, then vaporize, creating an extraordinarily fragrant, powerful, rich, and enchanting smoke that is used for ritual purification and cleansing. A little goes a long way."|
|Morning glory||T. corymbosa, and I. violacea||"indigenous ritual use indicates dose levels for T. corymbosa, and I. violacea which are far lower than that perceived as necessary to effect hallucinosis in members of modern Western cultures. In Mexico, the only place in the world where the ingestion of morning glory seeds has an established tradition of shamanic usage, a hallucinogenic dose is said to be only thirteen seeds, a ritual amount based on religious numerology rather than chemical analysis."|
|Syrian rue||Peganum harmala||"In the Himalayas, shamans use syrian rue seeds as a magical incense, inhaling it to enter a trance state in which they can engage in sexual intercourse with divining goddesses, who are said to give them information and great healing powers (Ratsch 1998, 426-427)."|
|White Sage||Salvia apiana||"WHITE SAGE smudge bundles have long been used as an important ceremonial incense by many Native American peoples for ritual purification and cleansing. The smoke smells wonderful and has a soothing, calming effect. I like to use it when working with Salvia divinorum in much the same way as the Mazatecs use copal incense. The end of the bundle should be set alight, then allowed to smolder. The smoke is then wafted around the room and over the body. Salvia divinorum leaves can be ritually cleansed by passing them over the smoke before they are ingested. The smoke can also be used to define 'sacred space' - a clearly defined area for the session to take place in. I find that this practice creates a calm, mindful focus and sense of preparedness that helps to prepare one for the journey ahead. Freshly harvested seeds are also available for those who would like to try their hand at growing their own white sage plants."|
- DeKorne, Jim (2011). Psychedelic shamanism : the cultivation, preparation, and shamanic use of psychotropic plants (Rev. ed.). Berkeley, Calif.: North Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1556439995.