-The visual and tactile hallucinations that accompany the peak of an LSD experience, especially while holding a fixed gaze at the image of oneself in the mirror
-The inhibitory mode of physiological gnosis induced by such means as sensory deprivation in the form of isolation tanks
-The unity and interconnectedness, the four main plateaus, and the various other states of dissociation induced by NMDA receptor antagonists like dextromethorphan and ketamine
-The combination of biofeedback with ketamine
-The combination of muscle relaxation and variations of the corpse asana of yoga with ketamine on an incline bed. Additionally, the state of samadhi that accompanies it.
-Icaros which are the magical songs (i.e. a musical notation that is verbal and under normal circumstances would be perceived as an auditory sensation) the Ayahuasceros sing to induce pictorial representations, rich tapestries of colors and patterns that are visually seen by the listener. Phenomenologically, this is a form of synaesthesia, a common motif of the ayahuasca experience in addition to the various terrestrial motifs associated with this entheogenic brew. The ayahuasca ingredient, harmine, was once known as telepathine because of this group-facilitated activity of singing icaros and the shared perception it cultivates. A shaman who is one of the Ayahuascero people is expected to memorize as many icaros as they can.
-The different paradigms of rhetoric and cognitive mapping (e.g. orality, literacy, and electracy) and the sensorium of the environment experienced by pre-literate, indigenous, and predominantly hunting (and thus, shamanic) cultures. Also, divinatory practices utilizing entheogens and oneirogens, such as those including the use of Salvia divinorum among the Mazatec shamans in Oaxaca, Mexico.
-The motifs of the morning glory (LSA) experience, a considerable aspect of the Aztec and Toltec cultures
-Sleep paralysis with hypnagogic or hypnopompic hallucinations. (This is the origin of contact with the incubi and succubi of legend.)
-The Eight-Circuit Model of Consciousness used by Timothy Leary and Robert Anton Wilson (among others)
-The occult motifs associated with anticholinergic deliriants like Datura when used by witches for out-of-body experiences and astral travel
-Microdosing psilocybin for martial arts
-The potential of microdosing LSD as a nootropic
A couple of my favorite psychonautic icons include the prolific orator Terence McKenna and the inventor of the isolation tank and ketamine enthusiast, John C. Lilly
-The concept of exopheromones, a term coined by Terence McKenna that denotes chemical messengers that do not act among the members of a single species in the way that insect pheromones have made familiar, but act instead across species lines, thus allowing one species to influence another. Some exopheromones act in ways that allow on species to affect a community of species or an entire biome. Certain chemicals produced in abundance in various hallucinogenic plants and fungi, such as dimethyltryptamine and psilocybin may act as pheromones produced by one kingdom (the vegetal) waiting for absorption by various others (for example, early primates or hominids). In this way a kind of ecological pheromonal system may be at work among biological kingdoms and ecosystems that have coevolved closely for long stretches of time.
-The deterritorialization and reterritorialization involved in rhizomorphism, e.g. the orchid-wasp assemblage
-Comparing and contrasting normative standards of behavior between human and non-human animals in ethics as it pertains issues like carnivorous dietary choices, sexual behavior like sexual cannibalism common among mantises, etc.
-Psychoactive animals, e.g. the presence of benzodiazepine receptor inverse agonist beta-Carbolines in the cuticle of scorpions, which makes their skin fluoresce when exposed to certain wavelengths of ultraviolet light such as that produced by a blacklight
-Mind-altering or behavior-altering parasites in any species of animal, parasitology, hyperparasitism
-Transhumanism, brain-computer interfaces