Salvinorin B methoxymethyl ether
|Summary sheet: Salvinorin B methoxymethyl ether|
|Salvinorin B methoxymethyl ether|
|Substitutive name||Salvinorin B|
|Systematic name||methyl (2S,4aR,6aR,7R,9S,10aS,10bR)-2-(furan-3-yl)-9-(methoxymethoxy)-6a,10b-dimethyl-4,10-dioxo-2,4a,5,6,7,8,9,10a-octahydro-1H-benzo[f]isochromene-7-carboxylate|
Salvinorin B methoxymethyl ether (2-O-methoxymethylsalvinorin B, or 2-MMSB) is a semi-synthetic analogue of the natural product Salvinorin A which is used in scientific research. It has a longer duration of action of around 2–3 hours, compared to less than 30 minutes for salvinorin A, and has increased affinity and potency at the κ-opioid receptor. Like the related compound herkinorin, salvinorin B methoxymethyl ether is made from salvinorin B, which is most conveniently made from salvinorin A by deacetylation, as while both salvinorin A and salvinorin B are found in the plant Salvia divinorum, salvinorin A is present in larger quantities.
Salvinorin B methoxymethyl ether has a Ki of 0.60 nM at the κ opioid receptor, and is around five times more potent than salvinorin A in animal studies, although it is still only half as potent as its stronger homolog salvinorin B ethoxymethyl ether.
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