Lophophora diffusa (botany)

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Please avoid harvesting peyote in its natural habitat.

Peyote populations are rapidly declining in nature due to over-harvesting by non-indigenous peoples. As a result, it is currently a threatened species.[1][2] Those who wish to consume peyote are encouraged to grow their own or use alternative mescaline-containing cactus species such as San Pedro or Peruvian Torch.

Lophophora diffusa
800px-Lophophoradiffusa1.jpg
Lophophora diffusa in nature.
Taxonomical nomenclature
Kingdom Plantae
Unranked Angiosperms
Unranked Eudicots
Unranked Core eudicots
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae
Genus Lophophora
Species L. diffusa
Common nomenclature
Common names False peyote
Constituents
Active constituents Pellotine, Mescaline

Lophophora diffusa, also known as false peyote, is a spineless cactus in the Cactaceae family. This species contains zero to trace amounts of mescaline, but it has other psychoactive alkaloids.

Natural habits

The natural habitat of L. diffusa is in semi-deserts on slopes and river beds, and under the shade of various shrubs and nurse plants. It is considered vulnerable due to a very small distribution range, small population of less than 3,000 individuals, and illegal collecting. It is collected illegally as a narcotic and as an ornamental plant.

Alkaloids

L. diffusa, unlike L. williamsii, is high in pellotine and low in mescaline.[3]

Alkaloids in other Lophophora species

Alkaloid (mg/gram of alive plant) L. williamsii L. jourdaniana L. diffusa L. fricii L. koehresii
Tyramine 0.5 - 1 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hordenine 5 - 8 2 - 9 0.5 0.4 0.4
Mescaline 15 - 30 31 1.2 1.1 1.3
Pellotine 14 - 17 17.8 86.2 65.2 88.4
Anhalonidine 14 20.1 3.8 25.9 3.5

Study by Dr. Štarha in the Grym, Rudolf (1997) book.[4]

External links

References

  1. Lophophora williamsii | http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/151962/0
  2. Lophophora diffusa | http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/40967/0
  3. Grym, Rudolf (1997). Rod/Die Gattung Lophophora. Bratislava: Vydavateľstvo Roman Staník. ISBN 80-900933-9-6. (The book features an appendix on Lophophora chemistry by Dr Roman Štarha.)
  4. Grym, Rudolf (1997). Rod/Die Gattung Lophophora. Bratislava: Vydavateľstvo Roman Staník. ISBN 80-900933-9-6. (The book features an appendix on Lophophora chemistry by Dr Roman Štarha.)