Echinopsis pachanoi

From PsychonautWiki
(Redirected from San Pedro cactus)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Echinopsis pachanoi
Starr 070320-5799 Echinopsis pachanoi.jpg
Echinopsis pachanoi in nature
Taxonomical nomenclature
Kingdom Plantae
Unranked Angiosperms
Unranked Eudicots
Unranked Core eudicots
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae
Genus Echinopsis
Species E. pachanoi
Common nomenclature
Synonyms Trichocereus pachanoi
Common names San Pedro cactus
Active constituents Mescaline, Tyramine, ect.

Echinopsis pachanoi (also known as Trichocereus pachanoi or San Pedro cactus) is a fast-growing columnar cactus native to Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru.[citation needed] It contains mescaline and other psychoactive alkaloids.


San Pedro is 93.5% water by weight.[1] 0.025%+ of Mescaline[2] Trace amount of tyramine, 0.01% of 3-Methoxytyramine by dry weight,[3] Trace amount of Hordenine, 3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine, 3-Hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine,[2] 4-Hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine, anhalonidine and anhalinine.[3]

See also

External links


  1. Poisson, J. (October 1960). "[Presence of mescaline in a Peruvian Cactaceae]". Annales Pharmaceutiques Francaises. 18: 764–765. ISSN 0003-4509. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Agurell, S., Holmstedt, B., Lindgren, J.-E., Schultes, R. E., Lindberg, A. A., Jansen, G., Lamm, B., Samuelsson, B. (1969). "Alkaloids in Certain Species of Virola and Other South American Plants of Ethnopharmacologic Interest". Acta Chemica Scandinavica. 23: 903–916. doi:10.3891/acta.chem.scand.23-0903. ISSN 0904-213X. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Crosby, D. M., McLaughlin, J. L. (December 1973). "Cactus alkaloids. XIX. Crystallization of mescaline HCl and 3-methoxytyramine HCl from Trichocereus pachanoi". Lloydia. 36 (4): 416–418. ISSN 0024-5461.