Time distortion

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Time distortion is an effect that makes the passage of time feel difficult to keep track of and wildly distorted. It is usually felt in two different forms, time expansion and time compression. These two forms are described and documented below:

Time dilation

Time dilation can be described as the feeling that time has slowed down. This commonly occurs during intense hallucinogenic experiences and seems to at least partially stem from the fact that during an intense trip, abnormally large amounts of experience are felt in very short periods of time. This can create the illusion that more time has passed than actually has. For example, at the end of certain experiences one may feel that they have subjectively undergone days, weeks, months, years or even infinite periods of time.

Studies have demonstrated that psilocin, the active compound in psychedelic mushrooms, significantly impairs subjects' ability to gauge time intervals longer than 2.5 seconds, impairs their ability to synchronize to inter-beat intervals longer than 2 seconds, and reduces their "preferred" tapping rate.[1][2] These results are consistent with the drug's role in affecting prefrontal cortex activity, and the role that the prefrontal cortex is known to play in time perception.[citation needed]

Time dilation will often synergize with other coinciding effects such as delusions, thought loops, novelty enhancement, and internal hallucinations in a manner which may lead one into percieving a disproportionately large number of events considering the amount of time that has actually passed in the real world. It is most commonly induced under the influence of heavy dosages hallucinogenic compounds such as psychedelics, dissociatives, deliriants, and cannabinoids.

Time compression

Time compression can be described as the experience of time speeding up and passing much quicker than it usually would while sober. For example, during this state one may realize that an entire evening has passed them by in what feels only a couple of hours.

This commonly occurs under the influence of stimulating compounds and seems to at least partially stem from the fact that during an intense levels of stimulation, people typically become hyper focused on activities and tasks in a manner which can allow time to pass them by without realizing it. However, the same experience can also occur on depressant compounds which induce amnesia. This occurs due to the way in which a person can literally forget everything that has happened while still experiencing the effects of the substance, thus giving the impression that they have suddenly jumped forward in time.

Time compression will often synergize with other coinciding effects such as memory suppression, focus enhancement, stimulation, and amnesia in a manner which may lead one into perceiving a disproportionately small number of events considering the amount of time that has actually passed in the real world. It is most commonly induced under the influence of heavy dosages of stimulating or amnesic compounds such as amphetamines, benzodiazepines, entactogens, and GABAergics.


Psychoactive substances

Compounds within our psychoactive substance index which may cause this effect include:


Experience reports

Anecdotal reports which describe this effect within our experience index include:


See also

References

  1. Effects of varied doses of psilocybin on time interval reproduction in human subjects (sciencedirect.com) | http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304394008001791
  2. Chem Lab: Shrooms Make Time Feel Slower | https://www.wired.com/2008/02/chem-lab-shroom/