Talk:Cocoa

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Summary sheet: Cocoa

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Cocoa pods growing on the plant.

Cocoa, or cocoa powder is a naturally occurring product from the cocoa beans of the cacao tree Theobroma cacao, known for being a main ingredient in chocolate. It is found usually in the form of cocoa beans, which are taken from the cocoa plant, or cocoa powder. Cocoa beans and bean powder contain psychoactive compounds that when ingested or insufflated act as mild to moderate stimulants. Businesses as well as companies and their subsidiaries sell cocoa powder for baking because cocoa powder is used to add chocolate flavor to baked items or doughs.

Insufflated

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Dosage:

Common | 0.5-2g (0.25-1tsp)

Duration:

Onset | 10-120 seconds

Total | 10-30 minutes [citation needed]

History and culture

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Snorted cocoa has became a popular party drug in Europe, usually as a legal and subtle replacement for MDMA or cocaine.[1]

Chemistry

Pharmacology

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The compounds theobromine, caffeine, and phenethylamine are the main psychoactive constituents of cocoa. Caffeine and theobromine are metabolized by xanthine oxidase and phenethylamine is metabolized mainly by monoamine oxidase B.

Subjective effects

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Disclaimer: The effects listed below are taken from the subjective effect index, which is based on anecdotal reports and the personal experiences of PsychonautWiki contributors. As a result, they should be treated with a healthy degree of skepticism. It is worth noting that these effects will rarely (if ever) occur all at once, although higher doses will increase the chances of inducing a full range of effects. Likewise, adverse effects become much more likely on higher doses and may include serious injury or death.

Physical effects
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After effects
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Toxicity and harm potential

It is recommended that one use harm reduction practices when using this drug. Although cocoa is relatively safe when ingested orally, snorting cocoa is very damaging to nasal passages and therefore it is not recommended to snort cocoa powder often, in large amounts, or potentially even at all.

Overdose

The LD50 of cocoa powder in humans is estimated to be around 25-100(This information has a large range of numbers (ex. 25-100) that is unjustified or unsourced and/or it is a very vague statement.) grams per kilogram of body weight. [citation needed]

Dependence and abuse potential

Because cocoa can act as a powerful (compared to other weaker stimulants on their own) stimulant, it can be considered addictive, but less so than compounds such as amphetamine and DOx compounds. Caffeine dependence and withdrawals have been documented. [4]

Dangerous interactions

monoamine oxidase inhibitors or reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase could potentially boost the actions of phenethylamine[citation needed] or, more dangerously, raise levels of monoamines to very high amounts which could cause high blood pressure or less potentially, serotonin syndrome.

Legality

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Cocoa powder can be legally obtained likely in every country, although some countries have restrictions on the sale of caffeine.

See also

External links

References

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